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Table 1 Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics of subjects

From: Longitudinal assessment of antibiotic resistance gene profiles in gut microbiomes of infants at risk of eczema

Baseline DemographicsNo. of subjects (n = 75)
n (%)
Gender
Male38 (50.7%)
Female37 (49.3%)
Presence of siblings46 (61.3%)
Mode of delivery
Caesarean25 (33.3%)
Vaginal50 (66.7%)
Gestational age
Term (≥37 weeks)72 (96.0%)
Preterm3 (4.0%)
Ethnicity
Chinese42 (56%)
Malay21 (28%)
Indian12 (16%)
Household monthly income
 0-$9992 (2.8%)
 $1000–$19999 (12.7%)
 $2000–$399925 (35.2%)
 $4000–$599913 (18.3%)
  > $600022 (31%)
Maternal Tertiary Education46 (61.3%)
Antibiotics during pregnancy and/or labour35 (46.7%)
Class of antibiotics used during pregnancy and/ or labour
Beta-lactam30 (40%)
Macrolide, beta-lactam1 (1.3%)
Macrolide3 (4.0%)
Lincosamide1 (1.3%)
Postnatal antibiotics within first 12 months16 (21.3%)
Childcare attendance in first year7 (14%)
Pet ownership at 12 months3 (6%)
Smoking exposure in first year1 (1.3%)
Maternal history of atopy18 (24%)
Paternal history of atopy20 (26.7%)
Eczema up to 18 months35 (46.7%)
Rhinitis up to 18 months21 (28.4%)
Wheeze with nebulizer use up to 18 months5 (7%)
Allergen sensitization at 18 months15 (23.1%)
Hospitalisation in the first year5 (6.7%)
Illness diagnosed in the first year38 (50.7%)