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Table 2 Clinical Characteristics of Neutropenia-Related Bacillus cereus Meningitis

From: Survival of a case of Bacillus cereus meningitis with brain abscess presenting as immune reconstitution syndrome after febrile neutropenia – a case report and literature review-

Symptoms at Onset
CaseYearAgeUnderlying DiseasesWBC Count at OnsetFeverHeadacheVomitingDiarrheaAbdominal PainNeurological AbnormalitiesCNS DiseaseTreatmentOutcomeReference
1197363AML400a+    ComaBrain abscessGM, OXA, CBCDead5
2198119AML<100+     MeningitisGM, PCGDead6
3198867MDS/AML100a+++   Meningoencephalitis/SAHGM, LM, PIPCDead7
419893ALL20+    LethargyBrain abscessCP, VCM, GM, RFPAlive8
5199526AML20  +  Visual disturbanceMeningoencephalitis/SAHCAZDead9
6199764AML300+ ++  Meningoencephalitis/SAHPIPC, GM, CPZ, CTX, ABPCDead10
7199720ALL0+ +++Speech disturbance, Sensory disturbanceCerebral infarction (basal ganglia) Dead11
8199913ALL0+   + Meningoencephalitis/hydrocephalus Alive, Severe sequelae11
9199915ALL0 +  + Meningoencephalitis Dead11
10199930AML<100+   +Delirium, hyperventilationNecrotic meningoencephalitisCAZ, AMKDead12
11199943AML<100+++++Delirium, decerebrate rigidityMeningoencephalitisCAZ, AMK → VCM, GM & othersDead12
12199914ALL<100+    Delirium, epilepsy, comaMeningoencephalitisCAZ, AMK & othersDead12
13200316AA90++   Nuchal rigidity, epilepsy, consciousness disturbanceMeningoencephalitisCAZ, IPM/CSDead13
14200519HD0+    Confusion, epilepsy, hemiparesisMeningoencephalitisABPC, AMK, CPFX, TEIC, CLDMAlive14
Ourcase54AML<100+++  disorientation, slurred speech, and confusionMeningoencephalitis/hydrocephalus brain abscessMEPM, LZD, VCMAlive 
  1. adenotes the number of neutrophils
  2. Abbreviations: AA Aplastic anemia, ABPC Ampicillin, ALL Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, AMK Amikacin, AML Acute myelogenous leukemia, CAZ ceftazidime, CBC, carbenicillin, CLDM Clindamycin, CNS Central nervous system, CP Chloramphenicol, CPFX Ciprofloxacin, CPZ Cefoperazone, CTX Cefotaxime, GM Gentamicin, HD Hodgkin disease, IPM/CS Imipenem/cilastatin, LM Lincomycin, LZD Linezolid, MDS Myelodysplastic syndrome, MEPM Meropenem, OXA Oxacillin, PCG Penicillin G, PIPC Piperacillin, RFP Rifampin, VCM Vancomycin