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Table 4 Result summaries for the outcomes measures from 1000 probabilistic simulations for environmental and virulent scenarios

From: A hybrid simulation model approach to examine bacterial genome sequencing during a hospital outbreak

Total number of:Environmental contaminationIncreased Virulence
No WGS
(Scenario 4)
Early WGS
(Scenario 5)
No WGS
(Scenario 6)
Early WGS
(Scenario 7)
Colonized patients (SD)234 (179)2 (0)256 (157)3 (0)
Env contamination sites (SD)33 (28)0 (0)  
Infected patients (SD)  41 (25)1 (0)
Deaths (SD)  6 (5)0 (0)
Detected patients (SD)123 (86)2 (0)119 (70)1 (0)
Sequencing tests (SD) 4 (0) 2 (0)
Bed closures (SD)720 (508)9 (1)692 (424)6 (2)
Total costs $US (SD)451,280 (252,232)44,994 (1954)606,367 (318,967)46,657 (2802)
Whole genome sequencing costs 985 (20) 502 (49)
Microbiology testing costs259,910 (119,687)40,141 (1950)268,621 (114,042)40,685 (2543)
Cleaning costs46,310 (32,867)476 (59)44,328 (27,333)370 (198)
Nursing costs4982 (3698)86 (5)4843 (3034)45 (9)
Infection control executive meetings costs31,802 (22,710)1925 (34)31,369 (18,619)1941 (101)
Bed closure costs108,277 (76,740)1381 (139)104,019 (63,868)915 (339)
Infection treatment costs  74,828 (46,413)2200 (732)
Death costs  78,359 (61,973)0 (0)
  1. NB: Empty cells denote where the outcome measures which were not modelled as part of the scenario
  2. SD standard deviation, Env Environmental, US United States, WGS whole genome sequencing