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Table 1 Serological markers positivity by DBS analysis in relation to the socio-demographic characteristics of study participants from Nanoro, Burkina Faso

From: The changing epidemiology of hepatitis B and C infections in Nanoro, rural Burkina Faso: a random sampling survey

  TotalHBsAg positiveHBsAb positiveHBcAb positiveAnti-HCV positive
n%n%(95%CI’)pn%(95%CI’)pn%(95%CI’)pn%(95%CI’)p
MotherTotal240100.0156.3(3.5–10.1)145.8(3.2–9.6)21489.2(84.5–92.8)135.4(2.9–9.1)
 Age group (years)
[18–29]8033.378.7(3.6–17.2)0.58022.5(0.3–8.7)0.2287188.7(79.7–94.7)0.40733.7(0.7–10.6)0.616
[30–39]10845.065.6(2.1–11.7) 98.3(3.9–15.2) 9487.0(79.2–92-7) 65.6(2.0–11.7) 
[40–60]5221.723.8(0.4–13.2) 35.8(1.2–15.9) 4994.2(84.0–98.8) 47.7(2.1–18.5) 
Educational status
Unschooled19581.2115.6(2.8–9.8)0.525105.1(2.5–9.2)0.36417388.7(83.4–92.8)0.570105.11(2.5–9.2)0.145
Primary239.628.7(1.1–28.0) 28.7(1.1–28.4) 2295.6(78.0–99.8) 33.0(2.8–33.6) 
Secondary229.229.1(1.1–29.6) 29.1(1.1–29.1) 1986.4(65.1–97.1) 00.0(0.0–15.4) b 
Ethnic group
Mossi22392.9146.3(3.5–10.3)0.679135.8(3.1–9.7)0.65319888.8(83.9–92.6)0.384104.5(2.2–8.1)0.045a
Gourounsi125.018.3(0.2–38.5) 18.3(0.2–38.4) 12100.0(73.5–100.0) b 325.0(5.5–57.2) 
Others52.100.0(0.0–52.2) b 00.0(0.0–52.2) b 480.0(28.3–99.5) 00.0(0.0–52.2) b 
Birth place
Health center7932.956.3(2.1–14.1)0.94256.3(2.1–14.1)0.3136886.1(76.4–92.8)0.27456.3(2.1–14.1)0.934
Home birth10543.865.7(2.1–12.0) 87.6(3.3–14.4) 9388.6(80.8–93.9) 54.8(1.5–10.7) 
Unknown5623.347.1(1.9–17.3) 11.8(0.0–9.5) 5394.6(85.1–98.8) 35.4(1.1–14.8) 
Pregnancy
No21790.4136.0(3.2–10.0)0.643136.0(3.2–10.0)0.60319589.8(85.0–93.5)0.289125.5(2.9–9.4)0.640
Yes239.628.7(1.1–28.0) 14.3(0.1–21.9) 1982.6(61.2–95.0) 14.3(0.1–21.9) 
ChildTotal240100.020.8(0.1–3.0)9037.5(31.3–43.9)14259.2(52.6–65.4)52.1(0.7–4.8)
Age group (years)
[1,2,3,4]13455.810.7(0.0–4.1)0.6895339.5(31.2–48.3)0.4606850.7(42.0–59.5)0.003a32.2(0.5–6.4)1.000
[5,6,7,8,9,10]10644.210.9(0.0–5.1) 3734.9(25.9–44.8) 7469.8(60.1–78.3) 21.9(0,2–6.6) 
Gender
Female11246.721.8(0.2–6.3)0.2173531.2(22.8–40.7)0.0617365.2(55.6–73.9)0.07610.9(0.0–4.9)0.375
Male12853.300.0(0.0–2.8) b 5542.9(34.2–52.0) 6953.9(44.9–62.7) 43.1(0.8–7.8) 
Educational status,
Preschool age18075.010.6(0.0–3.1)0.4387843.3(36.0–50.9)0.004a9854.4(46.8–61.8)0.036a52.8(0.9–6.3)0.694
Elementary4619.212.2(0.0–11.5) 817.4(7.8–31.4) 3473.9(58.8–85.7) 00.0(0.0–7.7) b 
Unschooled145.800.0(0–23.1) b 428.6(8.4–58.1) 1071.4(41.9–91.6) 00.0(0.0–23.1) b 
Ethnic group
Mossi22493.320.9(0.1–3.2)1.0008537.9(31.5–44.6)0.77013158.5(51.7–65.0)0.20852.2(0.7–5.1)1.000
Gourounsi114.600.0(0–28.5) b 327.3(6.0–60.9) 981.8(48.2–97.7) 00.0(0.0–28.5) b 
others52.100.0(0.0–52.2) b 240.0(5.3–85.3) 240.0(5.3–85.3) 00.0(0.0–52.2) b 
Birth place
Health center21489.210.5(0.0–2.6)0.2058539.7(33.1–46.6)0.042a12457.9(51.0–64.6)0.26952.3(0.7–5.3)1.000
Home birth2610.813.8(0.1–19.6) 519.2(6.5–39.3) 1869.2(48.2–85.6) 00.0(0.0–13.2) b 
Completely vaccinated
Yes15162.910.7(0.0–3.7)0.70416140.4(32.9–48.4)0.2278053.0(45.0–60.8)0.01142.6(1.0–6.6)0.4242
No8937.111.1(0.2–6.1) 2932.6(23.7–42.9) 6269.7(59.5–78.2) 11.1(0.2–6.1) 
Mother’s HBsAg
Positive156.316.7(1.1–29.8)0.010533.3(15.2–58.3)0.731853.5(30.1–75.2)0.635000.0(0.0–24.6) b0.5596
Negative22593.710.4(0.0–2.5) 8537.8(31.7–44.3) 13459.6(53.0–65.8) 52.2(1.0–5.1) 
  1. % Percentage, CI Confident Interval, HBsAg Hepatitis B surface antigen, HBsAb Hepatitis B surface antibody, HBcAb Hepatitis B core antibody, HBeAg Hepatitis B envelop antigen; HBeAb, Hepatitis B envelop antibody; Anti-HCV, Hepatitis C antibody; DBS Dried blood spot; a Represents statistically significance, bone-sided, 97.5% confidence interval