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Table 2 Univariate analysis of factors associated with T. gondii seroprevalence among the pregnant women in Dhamar, Yemen (n = 420)

From: Prevalence and predictors of Toxoplasma gondii infection in pregnant women from Dhamar, Yemen

VariablesToxoplasma seroprevalence  
N participantsPrevalence %Crude OR (95% CI)P-valuea
Age (years)
  < 2521017.61 
  ≥ 2521024.81.54 (0.96, 2.47)0.073
Age at marriage (years)
  < 1817822.51 
  ≥ 1824220.20.88 (0.55, 1.40)0.582
Number of children
  < 328419.41 
  ≥ 313625.01.39 (0.85, 2.26)0.186
Gestational age
 First trimester8518.81 
 Second trimester15021.31.21 (0.71, 1.68)0.647
 Third trimester18522.21.31 (0.61, 2.54)0.532
History of spontaneous abortion
 No27513.11 
 Yes14536.63.83 (2.35, 6.22)<  0.001**
History of giving birth to a deformed baby
 No40120.91 
 Yes1926.31.35 (0.47, 3.85)0.576
History of blood transfusion
 No40021.81 
 Yes2010.00.40 (0.10, 1.76)0.165
Education level
 Primary school or above26519.21 
 No formal education15524.51.36 (0.85, 2.20)0.202
Residence
 Urban23819.31 
 Rural18223.61.29 (0.81, 2.07)0.285
Household monthly income
  ≥ US$ 20013620.61 
  < US$ 20028421.51.06 (0.64, 1.75)0.834
Working on a farm
 No33521.21 
 Yes8521.21.00 (0.56, 1.79)0.997
Source of drinking water
 Improved (piped water)23920.91 
 Unimproved (wells, streams, dams and rain)18121.51.04 (0.65, 1.66)0.876
Raw vegetables consumption
 No244.21 
 Yes39622.26.57 (1.01, 42.34)0.036**
Raw milk consumption
 No28119.61 
 Yes13924.51.33 (0.82, 2.16)0.249
Handling fresh meat
 No185.61 
 Yes40221.94.76 (0.63, 39.30)0.076
Khat chewing
 No21420.11 
 Yes20622.31.14 (0.72, 1.83)0.575
Presence of cats in household
 No32519.11 
 Yes9528.41.68 (1.01, 2.85)0.049**
Presence of domestic animals at household
 No22818.01 
 Yes19225.01.52 (0.95, 2.43)0.080
  1. US$ United States Dollar (US$1 = YER216)
  2. Reference group marked as OR = 1; OR Odds ratio; CI Confidence interval
  3. a Level of significance was determined by Pearson’s Chi Square test or Fisher’s exact test. ** Significant association (P < 0.05)