Skip to main content

Table 3 Characteristics of HIV-patients with tuberculosis screened using smear or Xpert MTB/RIF in Botswana

From: Tuberculosis treatment outcomes among people living with HIV diagnosed using Xpert MTB/RIF versus sputum-smear microscopy in Botswana: a stepped-wedge cluster randomised trial

 TB patients screened using smearTB patients
Screened using
Xpert MTB/RIF
 
CharacteristicNn (%)Nn (%)aOR95% CIp-value
Age < 35 yearsa5725 (43.9)19983 (41.7)1.090.60–1.970.773
Gender, female5629 (51.8)19999 (49.7)1.040.36–2.980.946
CD4 count < 200 cells/mm35739 (68.4)196119 (60.7)1.360.65–2.830.391
BMI < 18.55731 (54.4)19975 (37.7)1.730.83–3.610.137
Previous TB577 (12.3)19826 (13.1)0.680.23–2.010.471
Smokingb5716 (28.1)19958 (29.1)0.780.36–1.700.516
Alcohol use5713 (22.8)19942 (21.1)1.310.55–3.120.522
Miner574 (7.0)19921 (10.6)1.010.21–4.770.987
TB symptoms       
Cough5741 (71.9)199138 (69.3)0.960.37–2.510.928
Fever5727 (47.4)19979 (39.7)1.721.13–2.620.014
Night sweats5719 (33.3)19979 (39.7)0.570.27–1.200.133
Weight-loss5741 (71.9)199121 (60.8)1.430.65–3.110.354
  1. Abbreviations: aOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. a The majority of HIV-positive children were seen at a centralized center, as a result < 0.5% (30/6041) of children were enrolled at study sites. b current or ex-smoker