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Table 1 Characteristics of HIV-patients screened for tuberculosis via smear or Xpert MTB/RIF in Botswana

From: Tuberculosis treatment outcomes among people living with HIV diagnosed using Xpert MTB/RIF versus sputum-smear microscopy in Botswana: a stepped-wedge cluster randomised trial

 Xpert armSmear arm
CharacteristicNn (%)Nn (%)aOR95% CIbp-value
Agea < 35 years42242333 (55.2)1816961 (52.9)1.110.98–1.260.083
Gender, female42252796 (66.2)18161234 (68.0)0.870.73–1.050.134
CD4 count < 200 cells/mm341241658 (40.2)1797662 (36.8)1.150.97–1.370.093
BMI < 18.54225827 (19.6)1816393 (21.6)0.850.69–1.050.127
Previous TB4219452 (10.7)1814194 (10.7)1.030.77–1.390.827
Smokingb4216823 (19.5)1809339 (18.7)1.030.77–1.380.840
Alcohol use4217918 (21.8)1809403 (22.3)0.950.73–1.220.660
Mine4217209 (5.0)180994 (5.2)0.890.63–1.270.514
  1. Abbreviations: aOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval, BMI body mass index
  2. a The majority of HIV-positive children were seen at a centralized center, as a result < 0.5% (30/6041) of children were enrolled at study sites. bCurrent or ex-smoker