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Table 1 Demographic and clinical variables of the study groups and biochemical parameters in TB-DM, TB, DM and HC

From: Systemic RAGE ligands are upregulated in tuberculosis individuals with diabetes co-morbidity and modulated by anti-tuberculosis treatment and metformin therapy

Study DemographicsTB-DMTBDMHC
KDMNDM
Number of subjects recruited2222444430
Gender (Male / Female)16/618/427/1730/1415/15
Median Age (Range)52 (25–70)42 (29–70)39 (24–67)44 (33–68)34 (23–55)
BMI kg/m221.7 (13.2–28.6)17.2 (13.2–32.6)16.5 (13.2–30.1)20.1 (14.2–32.1)20.1 (18.2–25.3)
Smear Grade: 0/1+/2+/3+0/4/10/80/10/9/30/19/14/11NANA
Cavitary Disease (Y/N)9/134/1810/34NANA
Lung Lesions (Unilateral/Bilateral)13/911/1125/19NANA
Fasting Blood Glucose, mg/dL166 (120–417)139 (111–375)93 (73–103)144 (95–405)75 (70–109)
Post-prandial Glucose, mg/dL350 (217–550)311 (202–505)110 (68–137)341 (210–543)98 (72–139)
Glycated hemoglobin level, %12.3 (8–15.6)10 (7.3–13.9)5.6 (5.0–5.8)10 (6.8–12.6)5.5 (5.0–5.9)
  1. The values represent the geometric mean (and the 95% confidence intervals) except for age where the median (and the range) are depicted