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Table 1 Demographic characteristics participants by HBV infection status (N = 2419)

From: Characteristics and outcomes of antiretroviral-treated HIV-HBV co-infected patients in Canada

Demographic CharacteristicsHIV
N = 2220
HIV-HBV Co-Infection
N = 199
p valuea
Median Age40 (32.0–46.0)39 (33.0–45.0)0.69
Male Sex1806 (81)164 (82)0.71
Deceased150 (7)22 (11)0.02
Ethnicity
 White967 (44)78 (39)0.11
 Black408 (18)50 (25) 
 Indigenous138 (6)10 (5) 
 Asian147 (7)20 (10) 
 Hispanic116 (5)9 (5) 
 Other82 (4)5 (3) 
 Unknown362 (16)27 (14) 
Province
 BC946 (43)88 (44)0.49
 ON870 (39)70 (35) 
 QC404 (18)41 (21) 
Risk Factors
 MSM998 (45)93 (47)0.63
 PWID467 (21)55 (28)0.03
  1. BC British Colombia, ON Ontario, QC Quebec, MSM Men who have sex with men, PWID people who inject drugs, ADI AIDS defining illness, ARV anti-retroviral therapy
  2. aData shown are frequencies and proportions for categorical variables and median and interquartile ranges for continuous variables. p values for categorical variables were calculated using chi-square or Fisher exact tests and for continuous variables were calculated using Wilcoxon’s Rank Sum tests
  3. b‘No ADI ever’ refers to no recorded ADI’s during study period. ‘None before/or first ARV date’ refers to no recoded ADI prior to study enrollment