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Table 6 Factors associated with in-hospital mortality: univariate analysis

From: A changing profile of infective endocarditis at a tertiary hospital in China: a retrospective study from 2001 to 2018

FactorCategoryNumberDeathsOR95% CIP
lowerupper 
Basic
 Age< 4014911(7.38)0.4650.2190.9860.042
 > = 4016424(14.63)  
 Sexmale22632(14.16)4.6191.37615.5010.007
 female873(3.45)  
 Health care-relatedyes217(33.33)4.7141.75612.6540.003
 no29228(9.59)  
 Intravenous drug usersyes5110(19.61)2.3121.0345.1710.037
 no26225(9.54)  
Clinical findings
 Hemorrhagic strokeyes2710(37.04)6.1412.54114.840< 0.001
 no28625(8.74)  
 Embolismyes8215(18.29)2.3621.1454.8700.017
 no23120(8.66)  
 Ischemic strokeyes6914(20.29)2.7031.2925.6530.007
 no24421(8.61)  
 Heart insufficiencyyes18227(14.84)2.6781.1756.1030.016
 no1318(6.11)  
 Acute congestive heart failureyes6721(31.34)7.5653.58615.961< 0.001
 no24614(5.69)  
 Renal insufficiencyyes2812(42.86)8.5433.61020.217< 0.001
 no28523(8.07)  
 Pneumoniayes14525(17.24)3.2921.5237.1150.002
 no16810(5.95)  
 Pleural effusionyes13521(15.56)2.1581.0534.4210.033
 no17814(7.87)  
 Albumin< 30 g/L14724(16.33)2.7471.2975.8480.007
 > 30 g/L16611(6.63)  
Microorganism
 Blood culturePositive18125(13.81)1.9550.9054.2250.084
 Negative13210(7.58)  
Staphylococcus aureusyes469(19.57)2.2550.9805.1880.051
 no26726(9.74)  
 Fungiyes63(50.00)8.5941.66444.3750.002
 no30732(10.42)  
Echocardiography
 VegetaionNegative390(0.00)1.1461.0961.2000.036
 Positive18135(19.34)  
 Left heartyes19928(14.07)2.5031.0565.9310.032
 no1147(6.14)  
 Both left and right heartyes94(44.44)7.0451.79727.6210.007
 no30431(10.20)  
 Valve typeProsthetic114(36.36)4.9951.38418.0290.027
 Native30231(10.26)  
 Surgery treatmentyes1879(4.81)0.1940.0880.431< 0.001
 no12626(20.63)  
 Early sugeryyes1606(3.75)0.1670.0670.414< 0.001
 no15329(18.95)  
  1. P value were estimated by Chi-squared tests or †Fisher exact tests