Skip to main content

Table 2 Factors associated with TB patients who were switched to DOT due to non-adherence in the study city (n = 169)

From: Using electronic medication monitoring to guide differential management of tuberculosis patients at the community level in China

Factors Total Switched to DOT OR (95% CI) aORf (95% CI)
n (%)a n (%)b
Sex
 Male 123 72.8 9 7.3 ref   ref  
 Female 46 27.2 6 13.0 1.9 0.6–5.7 1.9 0.5–7.0
Agec
 < 44 44 26.0 7 15.9 2.6 0.7–9.5 1.9 0.4–9.7
 45–64 66 39.1 4 6.1 0.9 0.2–3.7 0.9 0.2–4.3
 > =65 59 34.9 4 6.8 ref   ref  
Occupation
 Farmer/Migrant worker 100 59.2 4 4.0 ref   ref  
 Other 69 40.8 11 15.9 4.6e 1.4–15.0 4.2e 1.1–15.4
Migrantd
 No 119 70.4 4 3.4 ref   ref  
 Yes 50 29.6 11 22.0 8.1e 2.4–26.9 8.4e 2.3–30.6
Category
 New 151 89.3 12 7.9 ref   ref  
 Retreated 18 10.7 3 16.7 2.3 0.6–9.1 7.6e 1.1–51.0
Classification
 Bacteriologically confirmed 75 55.6 6 8.0 ref   ref  
 Clinically diagnosed 94 44.4 9 9.6 1.2 0.4–3.6 1.4 0.4–5.3
  1. TB Tuberculosis, DOT Directly observed therapy, OR Odds ratio, aOR Adjusted odds ratio, CI Confidence interval
  2. aColumn percentages
  3. bRow percentages
  4. cOnly one patient was under 15 years old, so < 15 group was merged into < 44 group
  5. dMigrant defined as patient coming from another county
  6. eStatistically significant
  7. fEven though some variables didn’t show statistical significance in univariate analysis, considering the important influence of patient’s background and diagnosis in the treatment management, we included all the variables in the multivariable analysis