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Table 2 Knowledge about CL among participants resident in CL endemic areas in northwest, Ethiopia

From: Cutaneous leishmaniasis a neglected tropical disease: community knowledge, attitude and practices in an endemic area, Northwest Ethiopia

Variables Frequency Percent (%)
Seen a cutaneous leishmaniasis
 No 50 12.3
 Yes 358 87.8
Signs of CL
 Painful lesion/disfiguring 34 8.3
 Painless/disfiguring 9 2.2
 Painful skin lesion 103 25.3
 Disfiguring skin lesion 149 36.5
 Fever 4 0.9
 Other 5 1.2
 I don’t know 55 13.5
Have you seen a person with CL at your vicinity?
 Yes 315 77.2
 No 91 22.3
Which gender is most affected by CL?
 Both 79 19.4
 Female 71 17.4
 Male 135 33.1
 I don’t know 121 29.7
Indicate which parts of the body are mostly affected by CL
 Face 324 79.4
 I don’t know 69 16.9
 No specific site 15 3.7
Which age groups are most affected by CL?
 Adult 68 16. 7
 Adult/elderly 1 0.3
 Children 29 7.1
 Elderly 22 5.4
 All age 225 55.2
 I don’t know 62 15.2
How is CL transmitted?
 By mosquito bite 24 5.9
 Sand fly 93 22.8
 Air droplet 5 1.2
 Direct contact 39 9.6
 Other 110 26.9
 I don’t know 137 33.6
Have you heard of sand fly?
 Yes 87 21.3
 No 321 78.7
Does Sand fly transmit diseases?
 No 109 26.7
 Yes 219 53.7
 I don’t know 80 19.6
What types of diseases are transmitted by sandfly?
 Diarrhoea 75 18.4
 Fever 26 6.4
 Cutaneous leishmaniasis 153 37.5
 Gastritis 4 0.9
 Skin lesion 64 15.7
 I don’t know the name 19 4.7
 I don’t know 11 2.7
Where do sandfly breed?
 Building ruins 2 0.5
 Farmland 4 0.9
 In house 3 0.7
 Unhygienic place 35 8.6
 Waste disposal sites 36 8.8
 Other 58 14.2
 I don’t know 270 66.2
What time do sand flies bite?
 Dawn/dusk &midnight 31 7.6
 Dawn/dusk day 7 1.7
 Day/mid night 1 0.3
 Dawn/dusk 48 11.8
 Day 20 4.9
 Mid night 41 10.1
 All the time 23 5.6
 I don’t know 237 58.1
Which season of the year is peak for CL?
 Summer and winter 7 1.7
 Winter and spring 3 0.7
 Winter & spring & summer 1 0.3
 Autumn only 31 7.6
 Summer and spring 2 0.5
 Summer/spring/autumn 6 1.5
 Spring only 36 8.8
 Summer only 88 21.6
 Winter only 26 6.4
 All year round 19 4.7
 I don’t know 189 46.3
What are your sources of information on CL?
 TV and radio 2 0.5
 Radio only 9 2.2
 TV only 4 1.0
 Community health education 6 1.5
 Community centre 225 55.2
 Health education (Schools) 61 14.9
 Newsletters 3 0.7
 No sources of information 97 23.8
 Other sources 1 0.3