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Table 2 Characteristics of household contacts of pulmonary TB cases stratified glycemic status

From: High prevalence and heterogeneity of Dysglycemia in patients with tuberculosis from Peru: a prospective cohort study

Characteristics n/N DM preDM Normoglycemic p-value
n = 9 n = 40 n = 89
Age (years) -median (IQR) 138/138 60.9 (57.5–68.0) 49.2 (40.0–57.3) 30.45 (65.83) < 0.01
Gender 136/138     0.44
 Male   5 (55.6) 21 (52.5) 30 (34.5)  
 Female   4 (44.4) 19 (47.5) 57 (65.5)  
Education 138/138     0.207
 Primary or secondary   9 (100.0) 33 (82.5) 71 (79.8)  
 Technical or university   0 (0.0) 7 (17.5) 18 (20.2)  
Prior TB 135/138 2 (22.2) 3 (7.7) 9 (10.3) 0.618
BCG vaccination 135/138 9 (100.0) 36 (92.3) 84 (96.6) 0.752
Smoking 135/138 0 (0.0) 7 (17.9) 12 (13.8) 0.682
Smokers at home 135/138 2 (22.2) 6 (15.4) 11 (12.6) 0.427
Cannabis use 134/138 0 (0.0) 2 (5.1) 0 (0.0) 0.185
Illicit drug use 134/138 0 (0.0) 1 (2.6) 0 (0.0) 0.35
Alcohol use 134/138 2 (22.2) 22 (56.4) 25 (29.1) 0.134
Hypertension 135/138 0 (0.0) 6 (15.4) 6 (6.9) 0.647
Asthma 135/138 0 (0.0) 3 (7.7) 7 (8.0) 0.515
Renal disease 135/138 0 (0.0) 3 (7.7) 4 (4.6) 0.978
Slow scarring 135/138 2 (22.2) 3 (7.7) 6 (6.9) 0.229
Metformin use 133/138 2 (22.2) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) < 0.01
Consanguinity with index case 135/138 3 (33.3) 3 (7.7) 15 (17.2) 0.96
BMI (kg/m2) -median (IQR) 133/138 29.41 (26.9–31.7) 29.8 (28.1–33.4) 26.1 (2.9–29.4) < 0.01
Waist circumference (cm) -median (IQR) 133/138 95 (93–105) 98 (94–107) 88 (79–94) < 0.01
Hb (g/dL) -median (IQR) 138/138 13.2 (12.9–13.7) 13.6 (12.8–14.6) 13.1 (12.1–14.2) 0.151
Anemia 138/138 2 (22.2) 8 (20.0) 35 (39.3) 0.138
FPG (mg /dL) -median (IQR) 138/138 155.60 (134.3–218.3) 104.6 (102.0–107.9) 90.9 (87.5–94.2) < 0.01
HbA1c (%)-median (IQR) 138/138 6.5 (5.9–10.0) 5.3 (4.8–5.50) 4.9 (4.6–5.2) < 0.01
OGTT (mg/dL) -median (IQR) 124/138 91.6 (70.3–107.10) 107.8 (87.7–119.8) 91.6 (78.9–101.9) < 0.01
Polyuria 138/138 5 (55.6) 7 (17.5) 19 (21.3) 0.187
Polydipsia 138/138 3 (33.3) 14 (35.0) 19 (21.3) 0.124
Malaise 138/138 2 (22.2) 10 (25.0) 24 (27.0) 0.721
  1. Data represent no. (%); IQR Interquartile range, BCG Bacillus Calmette–Guérin, BMI Body Mass Index, Hb Hemoglobin, FPG Fasting Plasma Glucose, HbA1c Glycated Hemoglobin, OGTT Oral Glucose Tolerance Test. Hypertension, asthma, renal disease and anemia as defined by the World Health Organization as described in Methods