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Table 2 Clinical and programmatic characteristics of the patients treated for multi-drug resistant tuberculosis in Ethiopia between 2009 and 2014 (N = 751)

From: Intensive phase treatment outcome and associated factors among patients treated for multi drug resistant tuberculosis in Ethiopia: a retrospective cohort study

Variables Frequency Percent (%)
Model of care
 Ambulatory 178 23.7
 Hospitalized 573 76.3
TB treatment supporter
 Yes 399 53
 Missing/unknown 43 6
 No 309 41
Type of TB treatment supporter
 HCW 19 4.8
 Family 359 90
 Other 21 5.2
Co-morbidity (at least one)
 Yes 293 39
 Unknown 65 8.7
 No 393 52.3
HIV status
 Reactive 164 21.8
 Non-reactive 587 78.2
Diabetes mellitus   
 Yes 26 3.5(*6.7)
 No 361 48(*93.3)
 Unknown 364 48.5
Body mass index (kg/m2) at start of treatment
 < 18.5 313 41.8
 Unknown 296 39.4
  > =18.5 142 18.8
Treatment interruption during treatment
 Yes 28 3.7
 No 669 89.1
 Missing 54 7.2
Medication changed
 No 248 33
 Unknown 432 57.5
 Yes 71 9.5
Reason for medication changed
 Side effect 62 87.3
 National algorithm change 3 4.2
 Others 6 8.5
Pulmonary tuberculosis
 Smear positive 542 72
 Smear negative 209 28
Bacilli load
 Scanty 15 2.8
 + 119 22
 ++ 155 28.6
 +++ 107 19.7
 Unknown 146 26.9
Previous history of susceptible TB treatment
 Yes 730 97.2
 No 21 2.8
Frequency of susceptible TB treatment
 One 158 21.6
 Two 400 54.8
  > =Three 172 23.6
Resistance to
 Four drugs (RHES) 167 22.2
 Three drugs (RES/RHE) 57 7.6
 Only two drugs (RH) 366 48.8
 Only one drug (R) 161 21.4
Category of the patient at start of treatment
 Failure 555 73.9
 Relapse 70 9.3
 LTFU & Other 105 14
 New 21 2.8
History of hypokalemia
 Yes 341 45.4
 Missing/unknown 90 12
 No 320 42.6
Treatment outcome of FL treatment
 Unsuccessful 645 88.4
 Successful 85 11.6
Base line x-rays done
 Yes 470 62.5
 No 148 19.7
 Missing 133 17.8
X-ray result/finding
 Abnormal 426 90.6
 Unknown 30 6.4
 Normal 14 3
History of second line drug
 Yes 15 2
 No 736 98
  1. *Percent from those with available information on history of DM
  2. TB = Tuberculosis=, HCW=Health Care Worker, HIV=Human Immune Deficiency Virus, FL = First line, DM = Diabetes Mellitus