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Table 2 Concentrations of IL-23, IL-27, and IFN-γ in pleural effusion and serum

From: Comparison of pleural effusion features and biomarkers between talaromycosis and tuberculosis in non-human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients

Variable TMPE (n = 15) TPE (n = 19) P-value
IL-23
 PE (pg/mL) 109.21 (57.74–222.04) 23.5 (11.6–28.8) 0.026 a
 Serum (pg/mL) 100.11 (59.81–134.43) 54.79 (34.12–67.26) 0.024 a
IL-27
 PE (pg/mL) 15.44 (11.42–19.12) 49.79 (35.9–81.5) 0.029 a
 Serum (pg/mL) 1.49 (0.44–2.37)a 1.26 (0.96–2.11)a 0.078
IFN-γ
 PE (pg/mL) 68.78 (48.4–89.5) 252.8 (156.5–310.8) 0.019 a
 Serum (pg/mL) 6.45 (3.45–7.87)a 5.19 (4.30–5.59)a 0.458
  1. Data are presented as median (25th–75th percentile)
  2. ADA Adenosine deaminase, IFN Interferon, IL Interleukin, TMPE Talaromycosis pleural effusion, PE Pleural effusion, TPE Tuberculous pleural effusion
  3. a p < 0.05 means statistically significant. Compared with the corresponding value using analysis of variance followed by Wilcoxon rank sum test