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Table 1 Annual trends in the incidence of major infectious disease syndromes by year in Mongolia, 2009–2017

From: Evaluation of the trends in the incidence of infectious diseases using the syndromic surveillance system, early warning and response unit, Mongolia, from 2009 to 2017: a retrospective descriptive multi-year analytical study

Syndromes Annual incidence and proportion, cases/10,000 population (%) P value
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
AFR 0.6(4) 1.1(3.8) 1.8 (4.1) 3.2 (8.8) 2.8 (7.5) 3.6 (9.6) 91.7 (67.6) 116.2 (65.9) 17.1 (16.8) 0.0162
AFVR 2 (13.4) 3.7 (12.9) 7 (16.3) 7.9 (21.5) 20.1 (54.5) 22.2 (59) 26.9 (19.9) 44.3 (25.1) 63 (62.2) < 0.001
AJ 9 (59.5) 17.4 (60.3) 30 (69.6) 17.8 (48.7) 6.9 (18.7) 3.7 (9.9) 3.5 (2.6) 2.1 (1.2) 2.2 (2.2) 0.1416
AWD 1.2 (7.7) 1.8 (6.4) 0.9 (2.2) 1.3 (3.6) 0.9 (2.5) 1.1 (2.9) 1.6 (1.2) 1.2 (10.7) 1.9 (1.9) 0.143
ABD 2.2 (14.4) 4 (13.9) 2.7 (6.2) 5.9 (16.2) 5.6 (15.1) 6.2 (16.5) 11.1 (8.2) 10.9 (6.2) 16.1 (15.9) < 0.001
FD 0.1 (0.6) 0.7 (2.4) 0.4 (1.0) 0.4 (1) 0.5 (1.4) 0.7 (1.8) 0.7 (0.5) 1.4 (0.8) 0.8 (0.8) 0.0015
NI 0.06 (0.4) 0.07 (0.2) 0.23 (0.5) 0.12 (0.3) 0.16 (0.4) 0.1 (0.3) 0.1 (0.1) 0.15 (0.1) 0.14 (0.1) 0.1995
  1. AFR acute fever with rash, AFVR acute fever with vesicular rash, AJ acute jaundice, AWD acute watery diarrhea, ABD acute bloody diarrhea, FD foodborne disease, NI nosocomial infection
  2. P-values are tested for trend test. Incidences are calculated by cases /10,000 population, and proportions are expressed as % of the syndrome among total reported cases. Underlined text shows the highest incidence of the year