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Table 3 Baseline factors associated with ‘MV at 18 months’

From: Factors associated with non-attendance at scheduled infant follow-up visits in an observational cohort of HIV-exposed infants in South Africa, 2012–2014

Determinant N MV at 18 month time point: n (weighted %) adjusted OR 95% CI p-value
All 2555 767 (31.0)    
Mother’s age
 13–24 years 655 240 (37.9) 1.0 Ref  
 25–34 years 1431 403 (28.6) 0.7 0.5–0.9 0.001
 35–50 years 462 122 (28.0) 0.7 0.5–0.9 0.011
Education
 Grade 7- 501 167 (34.2) 1.0 Ref  
 Grade 8+ 2050 599 (30.3) 0.8 0.6–1.1 0.174
Ever Breastfed
 Yes 1811 558 (32.0) 1.0 Ref  
 No 680 188 (28.2) 0.9 0.7–1.2 0.623
Disclosure of HIV mother’s status
 Yes 2009 578 (29.6) 1.0 Ref  
 No 444 154 (35.6) 1.2 0.9–1.5 0.247
 Unknown 102 35 (35.7) 0.7 0.1–3.2 0.601
Discriminated against
 No 2241 677 (85.5) 1.0 Ref  
 Yes 212 55 (8.6) 0.7 0.4–1.1 0.093
 Unknown 102 35 (6.0) 1.2 0.8–2.0 0.398
Knows MTCT modes
 Yes 2239 663 (30.5) 1.0 Ref  
 No 86 24 (32.1) 1.1 0.6–1.9 0.762
 Unknown 230 80 (36.3) 1.2 0.8–1.8 0.381
Mother on ART by 6 weeks
 Yes 1394 362 (26.9) 1.0 ref  
 No 1045 364 (35.4) 1.3 1.1–1.6 0.006
 Unknown 116 41 (36.3) 1.9 0.4–8.0 0.396
Infant on NVP by 6 weeks
 Yes 2251 664 (30.1) 1.0 ref  
 No 105 36 (40.3) 1.5 0.9–2.5 0.091
 Unknown 199 67 (34.7) 1.2 0.7–2.2 0.437
SES
 Highest 540 151 (28.6) 1.0 ref  
 High 448 111 (28.8) 1.0 0.7–1.5 0.906
 Middle 522 155 (28.9) 1.0 0.7–1.3 0.857
 Low 523 174 (33.8) 1.1 0.8–1.6 0.415
 Lowest 522 176 (34.4) 1.1 0.8–1.6 0.512
Province
 WC 239 32 (13.5) 1.0 Ref  
 NW 213 68 (32.3) 2.8 1.6–4.8 < 0.0001
 NC 82 6 (7.2) 0.4 0.1–1.4 0.175
 MP 299 93 (32.0) 2.7 1.5–4.6 0.001
 LP 252 97 (37.0) 3.5 2.0–6.0 < 0.0001
 KZN 433 144 (33.3) 3.0 1.8–5.0 < 0.0001
 GP 510 151 (31.5) 3.1 1.8–5.4 < 0.0001
 FS 265 106 (39.6) 4.1 2.4–7.2 < 0.0001
 EC 262 70 (26.4) 2.1 1.2–3.8 0.014
  1. MV- non-attendance at scheduled postnatal care visits. Significant p-values for the odds ratio are in bold face. All proportions were adjusted for survey sampling weights (W %). South African provinces- WC-Western Cape, NW-North West, NC-Northen Cape, MP-Mpumalanga, LP-Limpopo, KZN-KwaZulu Natal, GP-Gauteng, FS-Free State, EC-Eastern Cape