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Table 2 Adjusted Risk differences for having short EID caregiver TAT

From: Infrastructural and human-resource factors associated with return of infant HIV test results to caregivers: secondary analysis of a nationally representative situational assessment, South Africa, 2010

  Adjusted RD (%) 95% CI P value
Laboratory transportation system managed by:
 Local Province (Ref.)    
 NHLS 0.1 −0.1 - 0.2 0.254
 Private courier 0.2 −0.1 - 0.5 0.255
Return of HIV results to facility (facility TAT)
  ≤ 7 days (Ref.)    
 8–14 days − 0.2 −0.3 - (− 0.1) 0.006
  > 14 days − 0.3 − 0.5 - (− 0.1) 0.006
Facility Size
  Large (Ref.)    
  Medium 0.7 −4.0 - 5.4 0.762
 Small 1.5 −8.1 - 11.0 0.764
Type of facility
  Community Health Center (Ref)    
 Clinic −5.6 −14.3 - 3.2 0.212
Facility with staff nurses
 No (Ref.)    
 Yes −9.4 −16.6 - (−2.2) 0.011
Facility with enrolled nurse assistants
 No (Ref.)    
 Yes −5.5 −13.4 - 2.3 0.169
Facility with lay counsellors
 No (Ref.)    
 Yes −0.2 −13.9 - 13.4 0.972
Facility with doctors
 No (Ref.)    
 Yes 2.6 −4.6 - 9.9 0.478
  1. TAT – turnaround time, EID- early infant HIV diagnosis, RD- Risk Difference, 95% CI – 95% confidence intervals. PCR- polymerase chain reaction. The significance level used for the Chi-squared test is p value < 0.05, significant p values are in boldface