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Table 1 Distribution of predictor variables across all facilities and by short EID caregiver TAT

From: Infrastructural and human-resource factors associated with return of infant HIV test results to caregivers: secondary analysis of a nationally representative situational assessment, South Africa, 2010

Predictor variables All PHCs including those with short EID TAT, N = 571
N (%)
Short EID caregiver TAT (≤3 weeks) N = 150
Prevalence % [95% CI]
Chi-squared P value
Laboratory transportation system managed by: 0.002
 Local Province 80 (14.6) 5.8 [2.9–11.2]  
 NHLS 347 (59.5) 68.8 [61.1–75.6]  
 Private courier 110 (20.3) 17.9 [12.6–24.7]  
 Unknown 34 (5.7) 7.5 [4.3–12.9]  
Return of HIV results to facility (facility TAT) < 0.001
  ≤ 7 days 152 (26.2) 48.3 [40.4–56.3]  
 8–14 days 142 (24.5) 29.7 [22.9–37.6]  
  > 14 days 130 (21.5) 5 [2.5–9.8]  
 Unknown 147 (27.8) 17 [11.7–23.9]  
PHC Size 0.34
 Large 268 (46.8) 46.4 [39.7–53.3]  
 Medium 200 (34.8) 31.6 [25.5–38.4]  
 Small 103 (18.4) 22 [17.1–27.7]  
Type of PHC 0.693
 Community Health Center 42 (6.8) 6.1 [3.3–11.0]  
  Clinic 529 (93.2) 93.9 [89.0–96.7]  
Facility with professional nurses 0.509
 No 19 (3.2) 4.1 [1.9–8.7]  
 Yes 552 (96.8) 95.9 [91.3–98.1]  
Facility with staff nurses 0.007
 No 259 (43.2) 52.7 [44.9–60.4]  
 Yes 312 (56.8) 47.3 [39.6–55.1]  
Facility with enrolled nurse assistants 0.223
 No 154 (26.9) 30.7 [23.8–38.6]  
 Yes 417 (73.1) 69.3 [61.4–76.2]  
Facility with lay counsellors 0.629
 No 27 (4.8) 4.1 [1.8–8.7]  
 Yes 544 (95.2) 95.9 [91.3–98.2]  
Facility with doctors 0.264
 No 344 (60.4) 56.6 [48.7–64.2]  
 Yes 227 (39.6) 43.4 [35.8–51.3]  
Available staff types trained on SOP for EID blood draw and/or performing EID activities
Facility with staff nurses (N = 312) 0.783
 No 214 (69.3) 70.7 [59.2–80.1]  
 Yes 98 (30.7) 29.3 [19.9–40.8]  
Facility with enrolled nurse assistants (N = 417) 0.470
 No 390 (93.8) 92.2 [85.1–96.1]  
 Yes 27 (6.2) 7.8 [3.9–14.9]  
Facility with lay counsellors (N = 544) 0.041
 No 498 (91.2) 95.6 [90.3–98.0]  
 Yes 46 (8.8) 4.4 [2.0–9.7]  
Facility with doctors (N = 227) 0.393
  No 181 (81.2) 84.8 [73.5–91.8]  
 Yes 46 (18.8) 15.2 [8.2–26.5]  
  1. PHC – primary health care facility. TAT – turnaround time, EID- early infant HIV diagnosis, 95% CI – 95% confidence intervals. P-values are from a survey chi-squared test. NHLS- National health laboratory services. PCR- polymerase chain reaction. SOP- standard operating procedures. The significance level used for the Chi-squared test is p value< 0.05, significant p values are in boldface