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Table 1 Baseline characteristics, physical examination and investigation

From: Prevalence and factors associated with one-year mortality of infectious diseases among elderly emergency department patients in a middle-income country

Variable (n = 463)N(%)
Gender, male204(44.1)
Age, median (IQR) years7872–84
Patient’s insurance
 30 Baht healthcare schemea226(48.8)
 Social security9(1.9)
 Government employee163(35.2)
 Self-pay65(14.0)
Mode of arrival
 Family car341(73.7)
 Ambulance68(14.7)
 Others54(11.6)
Triage level
 Urgent253(54.6)
 Emergency181(37.8)
 Resuscitation36(7.8)
Charlson comorbidity index, median (IQR)54–6
Polypharmacy (≥ 5 medications)175(37.8)
Sepsis fast track146(31.5)
Temperature (°C), n = 451
 36–38 °C297(65.9)
  < 36 or > 38 °C154(34.1)
Heart rate (beat/min), n = 462
  > 90 /min252(54.3)
  ≤ 90/min211(45.7)
Respiratory rate (/min), n = 455  
  > 20/min291(64.0)
  ≤ 20/min164(36.0)
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg), n = 462
  ≤ 10053(11.5)
  > 100409(88.5)
Oxygen saturation, n = 406
  < 90%54(13.3)
 90–93%51(12.6)
  ≥ 94%301(74.1)
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome [SIRS (points)]
 0–1169(36.5)
 2132(28.5)
 3107(23.1)
 455(11.9)
Quick sequential organ failure assessment [qSOFA (points)]
 0–1373(80.5)
 275(16.2)
 315(3.2)
Hemoglobin (mg/dl), n = 450
  < 722(4.9)
Platelet (cells/cm3), n = 449  
  < 100,00028(6.2)
Creatinine (mg/dl), n = 444
  ≥ 278(17.6)
Creatinine clearance [CrCl (ml/min)], n = 445  
  > 50254(57.1)
 10–50173(38.9)
  < 1018(4.0)
Blood glucose (mg/dl), n = 345
  ≥ 18097(28.1)
Sodium (mmol/dl), n = 441
  < 135141(32.0)
 135–145283(64.1)
  > 14517(3.9)
Total bilirubin (mg/dl), n = 225
  ≥ 226(11.6)
International normalized ratio (INR), n = 240
  > 1.525(10.4)
Lactate (mmol/l), n = 361
  ≥ 2220(60.9)
  ≥ 459(16.3)
  1. a30 Baht healthcare scheme: Thailand has universal coverage healthcare which covers all medical expenses for the Thai populations