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Table 1 Baseline sociodemographic characteristics of EHI

From: Efficacy and cost-effectiveness of early antiretroviral therapy and partners’ pre-exposure prophylaxis among men who have sex with men in Shenyang, China: a prospective cohort and costing study

VariableTotalNon-ARTStandard-ARTEarly-ARTP value
Total216(100.0)92(100.0)28(100.0)96(100.0)NA
age (years)    <0.01a
 ≤2475(34.7)35(38.0)3(10.7)37(38.5) 
 25–3486(39.8)36(39.1)8(28.6)42(43.8) 
 ≥3555(25.5)21(22.8)17(60.7)17(17.7) 
 Median (IQR)26.7 (22.7–34.2)26.0 (22.0–32.6)38.8 (26.2–44.1)26.1 (22.7–31.1) 
Residence permit    0.22 a
 Shenyang81(37.5)33(35.9)8(28.6)40(41.7) 
 Other city of Liaoning province94(43.5)37(40.2)17(60.7)40(41.7) 
 Other province41(19.0)22(23.9)3(10.7)16(16.7) 
Ethnicity    0.05 a
 Han185(85.6)83(90.2)26(92.9)76(79.2) 
 Others31(14.4)9(9.8)2(7.1)20(20.8) 
Marital status    0.01b
 Single158(73.1)71(77.2)13(46.4)74(77.1) 
 Married34(15.7)9(9.8)11(39.3)14(14.6) 
 Divorced or widowed or unknown24(11.1)12(13.0)4(14.3)8(8.3) 
Education (years)    0.11 a
 ≤12109(50.5)51(55.4)17(60.7)41(42.7) 
 >12107(49.5)41(44.6)11(39.3)55(57.3) 
Occupation    0.28 a
 Employed85(39.4)39(42.4)9(32.1)37(38.5) 
 Unemployed48(22.2)20(21.7)5(17.9)23(24.0) 
 Student28(13.0)8(8.7)3(10.7)17(17.7) 
 Self-employed55(25.5)25(27.2)11(39.3)19(19.8) 
Monthly income ($)   0.15 a
 ≤540183(84.7)78(84.8)27(96.4)78(81.3) 
 >54033(15.3)14(15.2)1(3.6)18(18.8) 
Main location for seeking same-sex male partners  <0.01 b
 Internet155(71.8)60(65.2)14(50.0)81(84.4) 
 Park or public bath26(12.0)11(12.0)11(39.3)4(4.2) 
 Others35(16.2)21(22.8)3(10.7)11(11.5) 
Duration of infection at diagnosis  0.03c
Median (IQR)(days)49(31–76)49(30–79)68(48–105)43(31–69) 
Number of male sexual partners   0.09c
 Median (IQR)2(1–3)2(1–3)3(2–4)2(1–2) 
Number of sexual behaviors with male partners  0.27c
 Median (IQR)3(1–5)3(1–6)4(2–6)2(1–5) 
  1. a: chi-square test; b: Fisher exacted test; c: Kruskal-Wallis test; EHI: early HIV infection; ART: antiretroviral therapy; NA: not applicable, IQR: interquartile range; $: U.S. dollars