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Table 2 Association between caregiver’s knowledge of schistosomiasis and STH and attitudes towards these infections

From: Knowledge, attitudes and practices on schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminths among caregivers in Ingwavuma area in uMkhanyakude district, South Africa

Caregivers’ attitudes towards schistosomiasis Caregivers’ knowledge about schistosomiasis prevention and control
No idea Incorrect answers At least one correct X 2 p-value
Schistosomiasis is a minor infection that may clear overtime without treatment
 Strongly agree 97 (51.3) 30 (15.9) 62 (32.8) 0.001
 Somewhat agree 43 (50.0) 10 (11.6) 33 (38.4)
 Somewhat disagree 25 (36.2) 9 (13.0) 35 (50.7)
 Strongly disagree 27 (27.6) 10 (10.2) 61 (62.2)
Whether schistosomiasis treatment results in severe, long-term side effects
 Strongly agree 107 (46.9) 29 (12.7) 92 (40.4) 0.572
 Somewhat agree 31 (39.7) 13 (16.7) 34 (43.6)
 Somewhat disagree 24 (46.2) 5 (9.6) 23 (44.2)
 Strongly disagree 30 (35.7) 12 (14.3) 42 (50.0)
Schistosomiasis treatment is costly
 Strongly agree 68 (47.9) 16 (11.3) 58 (40.8) 0.015
 Somewhat agree 36 (47.4) 16 (21.1) 24 (31.6)
 Somewhat disagree 43 (46.7) 13 (14.1) 36 (39.1)
 Strongly disagree 45 (34.1) 14 (10.6) 73 (55.3)
 Caregivers’ attitudes towards STH Caregivers’ knowledge of STH prevention and control
STH are minor infections that cause no harm to the body
 Strongly agree 14 (24.1) 16 (27.6) 28 (48.3) 0.018
 Somewhat agree 27 (48.2) 12 (21.4) 17 (30.4)
 Somewhat disagree 29 (44.6) 18 (27.7) 18 (27.7)
 Strongly disagree 88 (33.5) 53 (20.2) 122 (46.4)
STH only affects adults and not children
 Strongly agree 32 (35.2) 21 (23.1) 38 (41.8) 0.203
 Somewhat agree 36 (45.0) 18 (22.5) 26 (32.5)
 Somewhat disagree 31 (39.2) 20 (25.3) 28 (35.4)
 Strongly disagree 59 (30.7) 40 (20.8) 93 (48.4)
STH treatment is costly
 Strongly agree 37 (43.0) 22 (25.6) 27 (31.4) 0.021
 Somewhat agree 38 (45.2) 20 (23.8) 26 (31.0)
 Somewhat disagree 25 (29.8) 21 (25.0) 38 (45.2)
 Strongly disagree 58 (30.9) 36 (19.1) 94 (50.0)