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Table 4 Characteristics of trauma and non-trauma patients

From: Clinical parameters and outcomes of necrotizing soft tissue infections secondary to gastrointestinal fistulas

Variable Trauma (n = 25) Non-trauma (n = 14) P value
Age (years), mean (SD) 41.2 ± 13.1 57.1 ± 18.5 0.003
Gender, (Male), n (%) 21 (84.0) 9 (64.3) 0.161
BMI (kg/m 2), mean (SD) 20.5 ± 2.0 20.3 ± 1.8 0.657
APACHE score on admission, mean (SD) 10.6 ± 3.0 12.9 ± 4.4 0.057
Shock on admission, n (%) 14 (56.0) 7 (50.0) 0.718
Positive blood cultures, n (%) 12 (48.0) 5 (35.7) 0.458
Multiple fistulas, n (%) 13 (52.0) 3 (21.4) 0.063
The Laboratory data on admission, mean (SD)
 C-Reactive Protein (CRP) (mg/L) 113.5 ± 76.7 136.0 ± 70.5 0.371
 White blood cell count (109/L) 11.2 ± 3.7 10.6 ± 2.4 0.615
 Platelet count (109/L) 191.7 ± 77.5 157.1 ± 71.9 0.178
 Hemoglobin (g/dl) 106.1 ± 12.6 104.4 ± 13.2 0.683
Wound culture, n (%)
 Monomicrobial infection 7 (28.0) 3 (76.9) 0.652
 Polymicrobial infection 15 (76.9) 7 (76.9) 0.546
 Klebsiella pneumoniae 11 (44.0) 5 (35.7) 0.614
 Fungi 2 (8.0) 2 (13.3) 0.535
 Multidrug-resistant organisms 13 (52.00) 5 (35.7) 0.328
Management, n (%)
 Open abdomen 6 (24.0) 2 (14.3) 0.471
 NPWT 23 (92.0) 10 (71.4) 0.088
Hyperbaric oxygen 2 (8.0) 0 (0) 0.277
Source control< 48 h, n (%) 16 (64.0) 6 (42.9) 0.201
Wound closure, n (%)
 Local flap 9 (36.0) 2 (14.3) 0.148
 Direct suture 12 (48.0) 5 (35.7) 0.458
Delayed reconstruction repair, n (%) 14 (56.0) 2 (14.3) 0.011
In-hospital stay, mean (SD) 36.4 ± 27.4 56.9 ± 64.9 0.173
ICU stay, mean (SD) 16.3 ± 11.3 25.9 ± 23.6 0.093
In-hospital mortality, n (%) 7 (28.0) 7 (50.0) < 0.001
  1. Data are reported as number of patients (%) or mean ± SD. Abbreviations: BMI Body mass index, APACHE Acute physiology and chronic health evaluation score, NPWT Negative pressure wound therapy