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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of adult tuberculosis cases and their household contacts in southern India (n = 2032)

From: Interaction of nutritional status and diabetes on active and latent tuberculosis: a cross-sectional analysis

  Active TB Case Household Contact
(n = 919) (n = 1113)
n (%) or mean ± std n (%) or mean ± std
Sociodemographics
 Male (n = 1969) 729 (79.3) 392 (35.2)
 Age (years) 44.9 ± 14.0 36.8 ± 14.4
 Years of schooling 6.9 ± 4.7 8.0 ± 5.1
 Married/Living together 673 (73.2) 702 (63.1)
 Household income ≤5,000 rupees (n = 1817)a 465 (50.6) 395 (44.0)
 Hazardous alcohol use 426 (46.4) 70 (6.3)
 Current smoker 215 (23.4) 107 (9.6)
Body Mass Index (kg/m2)
 Underweight (< 18.5) 564 (61.4) 182 (16.4)
 Normal (18.5–22.9) 266 (28.9) 387 (34.8)
 Overweight/obese (≥23.0) 89 (9.7) 461 (48.9)
Diabetes measurements
 Prior diabetes diagnosis 296 (32.2) 69 (6.2)
 Random blood glucose (mg/dL) (n = 1635) 180.8 ± 103.4 132.0 ± 63.8
 Random blood glucose ≥200 mg/dL (n = 1635) 263 (28.6) 58 (5.2)
 Prior diabetes diagnosis or random blood sugar ≥200 mg/dL 343 (37.3) 94 (8.5)
Tuberculosis testing
 Tuberculin skin test positive NA 605 (54.4)
 Tuberculin skin test induration (mm)b NA 7 (2–11)
 Days to MGIT positivity (n = 916) 8.5 ± 4.1 NA
Other Comorbidities
 Self-reported history of renal failure 1 (0.1) 3 (0.3)
 HIV positive 3 (0.3) NA
  1. MGIT mycobacterial growth indicator tubes, NA Not Available, Std standard deviation
  2. a Equivalent to ~ 75 USD
  3. b Median (interquartile range)