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Table 3 Factors associated with LAM-based results among pleural TB patients

From: An improved algorithm for rapid diagnosis of pleural tuberculosis from pleural effusion by combined testing with GeneXpert MTB/RIF and an anti-LAM antibody-based assay

Characteristics LAM positive
(n = 55)
LAM negative
(n = 100)
Odds ratios
(95% CI)
P value
No. Col % No. Col %
Sex
 Male 44 80.0 77 77.0 1.20(0.53–2.68) 0.67
 Female 11 20.0 23 23.0 1.00 Ref.
Age group (years)
  < 25 10 18.2 14 14.0 3.29 (0.93–11.61) 0.06
 25~44 27 49.1 35 35.0 3.55 (1.19–10.55) 0.02
 45~64 13 23.6 27 27.0 2.22 (0.69–7.15) 0.18
  ≥ 65 5 9.1 23 23.0 1.00 Ref.
Residence
 Rural 26 47.3 51 51.0 0.86 (0.45–1.67) 0.66
 Urban 29 52.7 49 49.0 1.00 Ref.
Diabetes
 Yes 2 5.5 15 14.0 0.22(0.05–0.99) 0.03
 No 52 94.5 86 86.0 1.00 Ref.