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Table 6 Bi-variable and Multivariable analysis of IPI among mentally disabled and non-disabled students in Bahir Dar City, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia

From: Intestinal parasitic infections and associated factors among mentally disabled and non-disabled primary school students, Bahir Dar, Amhara regional state, Ethiopia, 2018: a comparative cross-sectional study

Variables Category IPI COR (95%CI) AOR (95%CI)
Yes, N (%) No, N (%)
Mental disability Non-disabled 129(30.9) 185(44.2) 1
Disabled 59(14.1) 45(10.8) 1.880(1.201, 2.944) **
Age 188(45) 230(55) 0.919(0.865,0.976) **
Sex of students Male 104(24.9) 98(23.4) 1.668(1.131,2.459) * 1.642(1.026,2.627) *
Female 84(20.1) 132(31.6) 1 1
Grade of Students 1st cycle [1,2,3,4] 128(30.6) 114(27.3) 2.171(1.454,3.242) *** 2.272(1.408,3.666) **
2ed cycle [5,6,7,8] 60(14.4) 116(27.8) 1 1
Family size <=3 22(5.3) 52(12.4) 1 1
4 34(8.1) 70(16.7) 1.148(0.602,2.189) 1.015(0.484,2.131)
5 39(9.3) 48(11.5) 1.920(0.999,3.691) 1.211(0.565,2.595)
6 38(9.1) 34(8.1) 2.642(1.338,5.215) * 1.747(0.794,3.841)
> = 7 55(13.2) 26(6.2) 5.000(2.526,9.896) *** 2.736(1.249,5.994) *
Maternal Education No formal education 61(14.6) 49(11.7) 2.282(1.275, 4.086) **
1–8 64(15.3) 70(16.7) 1.676(0.958, 2.932)
9–12 33(7.9) 56(13.4) 1.080(0.582, 2.006)
College & above 30(7.2) 55(13.2) 1
Hand washing Habit Water & soup 49(11.7) 132(31.6) 1 1
Water only 139(33.3) 98(23.4) 3.821(2.517,5.801) *** 2.476(1.489,4.119) ***
Hand washing before food Always 139(33.3) 203(48.6) 1
Sometimes 49(11.7) 27(6.5) 2.650(1.581, 4.444) ***
Hand washing habit after latrine Always 48(11.5) 105(25.1) 1
Sometimes 83(19.9) 90(21.5) 2.017(1.282, 3.175) **
Never 57(13.6) 35(8.4) 3.562(2.072, 6.126) ***
Fingernail cutting > = 2 times per week 39(9.3) 88(21.1) 1
1 time per week 55(13.2) 68(16.3) 1.825(1.087, 3.064) *
1 time per 2 weeks 73(17.5) 56(13.4) 2.941(1.761, 4.914) ***
No need of to cut 21(5.0) 18(4.3) 2.632(1.264, 5.484) *
Fingernail cleanliness Clean 93(22.2) 191(45.7) 1 1
Not clean 95(22.7) 39(9.3) 5.003(3.198,7.827) *** 2.416(1.400,4.168) **
  1. Note: *statistically significant at P < 0.05, ** < 0.01, *** < 0.001