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Table 1 Comparison of patient characteristics

From: Risk factors of synchronous multifocal necrotizing fasciitis: a case control study in comparison with monofocal necrotizing fasciitis in Taiwan

  SMNF (n = 19) MONF (n = 125) P
Age, mean (SD), year 60 (12) 65 (15) 0.195
Males, No. (%) 15 (78.9) 93 (74.4) 0.783
Duration of symptoms, mean (SD), day 1.7 (1.2) 3.3 (2.6) <  0.001*
Shock during initial visit, No. (%) 14 (73.7) 45 (36) 0.002*
Comorbidity, No. (%)
 Diabetes mellitus 4 (21.1) 48 (38.4) 0.2
 End-stage renal disease 3 (15.8) 3 (2.4) 0.03*
 Alcoholism 6 (31.6) 28 (22.4) 0.38
 Liver cirrhosis 9 (47.3) 16 (12.8) <  0.001*
 Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C virus 6 (31.6) 44 (35.2) 0.757
 Hepatocellular carcinoma 2 (10.5) 3 (2.4) 0.13
Total-case mortality, No. (%) 13 (68.4) 18 (14.4) <  0.001*
 7-day mortality 9 (69.2) 1 (5.6) < 0.001*
 28-day mortality 2 (15.4) 13 (72.2)  
 6-month mortality 2 (15.6) 4 (22.2)  
  1. SMNF synchronous multifocal necrotizing fasciitis; MONF monofocal necrotizing fasciitis, SD standard deviation; *p < 0.05