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Table 2 Bacteria distributions in nosocomial and community-acquired spontaneous bacterial peritonitis

From: Causative agents and outcome of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in cirrhotic patients: community-acquired versus nosocomial infections

Pathogen No. (%) of patients p value
Total
(n = 334, %)
Nosocomial SBP
(n = 155, %)
Community-acquired SBP (n = 179, %)
Gram-negative bacteria 178 (53.3) 75 (48.4) 103 (57.5) 0.094
Escherichia coli 81 (24.3) 32 (20.6) 49 (27.4) 0.152
Klebsiella pneumoniae 40 (12.0) 14 (9.0) 26 (14.5) 0.123
Acinetobacter spp. 11 (3.3) 6 (3.9) 5 (2.8) 0.582
Enterobacter cloacae 7 (2.1) 3 (1.9) 4 (2.2) 0.849
Enterobacter species 19 (5.7) 8 (5.2) 11 (6.1) 0.699
Pseudomonas aeruginosa 7 (2.1) 3 (1.9) 4 (2.2) 0.849
Aeromonas species 4 (1.2) 1 (0.6) 3 (1.7) 0.719
Sphingomonas paucimobilis 1 (0.3) 1 (0.6) 0 (0.0) 0.464
Salmonella 1 (0.3) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.6) NS
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia 7 (2.1) 7 (4.5) 0 (0.0) 0.004
Gram-positive bacteria 138 (41.3) 73 (47.1) 65 (36.3) 0.046
Streptococcus pneumoniae 6 (1.8) 1 (0.6) 5 (2.8) 0.289
Streptococcus (other than S. pneumoniae) 26 (7.8) 8 (5.2) 18 (10.1) 0.096
Enterococcus faecalis 16 (4.8) 14 (9.0) 2 (1.1) 0.002
Enterococcus faecium 35 (10.5) 28 (18.1) 7 (3.9) < 0.001
Other Enterococcus 3 (0.9) 1 (0.6) 2 (1.1) NS
Staphylococcus aureus 16 (4.8) 9 (5.8) 7 (3.9) 0.418
Coagulase-negative staphylococci 31 (9.3) 12 (7.7) 19 (10.6) 0.376
Listeria monocytogenes 5 (1.5) 0 (0.0) 5 (2.8) 0.064
Fungi 14 (4.2) 6 (4.5) 8 (3.9) 0.786
Candida albicans 7 (2.1) 3 (2.6) 4 (1.7)  
Candida glabrata 3 (0.9) 1 (0.6) 2 (1.1)  
Candida tropicalis 2 (0.6) 1 (0.6) 1 (0.6)  
Candida parapsilosis 1 (0.3) 1 (0.6) 0 (0.0)  
Cryptococcus neoformans 1 (0.3) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.6)  
Anaerobe 4 (1.2) 1 (0.6) 3 (1.7) 0.627