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Table 3 Associated factors of viral suppression failure among children referred for HIV viral load testing at APHI, Bahir Dar, from 01 July 2017 to 30June 2018

From: Viral suppression rate among children tested for HIV viral load at the Amhara Public Health Institute, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

Variable Viral suppression Crude OR (95%CI) Adjusted OR (95%CI) P-value
Suppressed Not suppressed
Age
 < 3 years 16 8 1.36 (0.58–3.22)
 3–9 years 396 175 1.204 (0.96–1.51)
 + 10 years 711 261 1   
Sex
 Male 617 223 1 1  
 Female 506 221 1.21 (0.97–1.51) 1.22 (0.97–1.52) 0.085
Test reason
 Routine 962 358 1 1  
 Suspect 161 86 1.44 (1.08–1.92) 1.38 (1.03–1.84) 0.032
Treatment
 EFV based 278 64 1 1  
 NVP based 829 373 1.95 (1.45–2.63) 1.90 (1.41–2.56) < 0.001
 PI based 16 7 1.90 (0.75–4.81) 1.81 (0.71–4.60) 0.212
Adherence
 Good 1087 428 1   
 Fair 24 7 0.74 (0.32–1.73)
 Poor 12 9 1.905 (0.80–4.55)
  1. Hosmer and Lemeshow Test: X2 = 4.001, and P value = 0.676
  2. Abbreviations: CI confidence interval, EFV efavirenz, NVP nevirapine, PI protease inhibitor, OR odds ratio