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Table 4 Multivariate logistic regression analysis of potential risk factors associated with G.lamblia and hookworm infection among school children at Jawi Primary School in Jawi, Ethiopia, 2016/17

From: Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections and associated risk factors among Jawi primary school children, Jawi town, north-west Ethiopia

Risk factors G. lamblia
Categories Total No. (%) Negative No. (%) Positive No.(%) AOR(95%CI) p-value
Residence Urban 273(67.2) 224(94.5) 49(5.5) 1 0.96
Rural 133(32.8) 101(76) 32(24) 0.9(0.5, 1.8)
Hand washing habit before meals Always 122(30) 87(71.3) 19(28.7) 1 0.01*
Sometimes 284(69.95) 238(83.8) 62(16.2) 1.7(0.4, 3.1)
Defecation habit Open field 204(50.5) 152(74.5) 52(25.5) 2(1.1, 3.4) 0.003*
In latrine 202(49.5) 173(85.6) 29(14.4) 1
Eating raw vegetables and unwashed fruit Yes 268(66) 211(78.7) 57(21.3) 2.2 (1.0, 4.20) 0.036*
No 138(43) 114(82.6) 24(17.4) 1
Hookworm
   Total No. (%) Negative No. (%) positive No.(%) AOR 95% CI p-value
Age in year 6–11 191(47) 158(82.7) 33(17.3) 3.9 (1.0, 14.4) 0.037*
  12–18 159(39.2) 139(87.4) 20(12.6) 2.5 (0.6, 9.6)  
19–21 56(13.8) 53(94.6) 3(5.4) 1
Sex Male 216(53.2) 180(83.3) 36(16.7) 2 (1.1, 4.3) 0.003*
Female 190(46.8) 170(89.5) 20(10.5) 1
Defecation habit Open field 204(50.5) 165(80.9) 39(19.1) 3.2(1.7, 6.2) 0.001*
In latrine 202(49.5) 185(91.6) 17(8.4) 1
Consistency of wearing shoes Always 111(27.3) 98(88.3) 13(11.7) 1 0.02*
Sometimes 241(59.4) 211(87.6) 30(12.4) 2.2(1.1, 4.3)
Not at all 54(13.3) 41(76) 13(24) 3(1.3,7.3)
  1. Note: 1 = reference value, * = statistically significant at p < 0.05, AOR = adjusted odds ratio (multivariate regression model)for habit of hand washing before meals, defecation, eating raw vegetables and unwashed fruit for G. lamblia and age, sex, defecation habit and consistency of wearing shoes for hookworm infection