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Table 3 Responses to questions regarding prevention of Zika infection (n = 75)

From: Knowledge and perceptions of Zika virus transmission in the community of Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic

Itema Female (n = 48) Male (n = 27) Total (n = 75)
Can you prevent Zika?
 Yes 39 (81.3) 17 (63.0) 56 (74.7)
 Maybe 6 (12.5) 4 (14.8) 10 (13.3)
 No 2 (4.2) 2 (7.4) 4 (5.3)
 Don’t know 1 (2.1) 4 (14.8) 5 (6.7)
How can you prevent Zika?
 Use mosquito repellent 6 (12.5) 4 (14.8) 10 (13.3)
 Use mosquito net 10 (20.8) 11 (40.7) 21 (28.0)
 Use mosquito coil/light fires to keep mosquitos away 3 (6.3) 2 (7.4) 5 (6.7)
 Clean household environment 18 (37.5) 7 (25.9) 25 (33.3)
 *Take medicine 6 (12.5) 3 (11.1) 9 (12.0)
 *Use oral contraceptives 2 (4.2) 0 (0.0) 2 (2.7)
 Don’t know 13 (27.1) 10 (37.0) 23 (30.7)
Since you heard about Zika, have you taken any action to prevent yourself from getting Zika?
 Yes 26 (54.2) 8 (29.6) 34 (45.3)
 No 22 (45.8) 19 (70.4) 41 (54.7)
Since you heard about Zika, what actions have you take to prevent yourself from getting Zika?b
 Covered water sources 5 (19.2) 3 (37.5) 8 (23.5)
 *Drank clean water 8 (30.8) 1 (12.5) 9 (26.5)
 Used mosquito coil / fires to keep mosquitos away 2 (7.7) 1 (12.5) 3 (8.8)
 Used mosquito nets 9 (34.6) 7 (87.5) 16 (47.1)
 Used mosquito repellent 7 (26.9) 5 (62.5) 12 (35.3)
 Sprayed or fumigated my home 5 (19.2) 3 (37.5) 8 (23.5)
 Removed standing water 3 (11.5) 3 (37.5) 6 (17.6)
 Used a condom during sex 1 (3.8) 0 (0.0) 1 (2.9)
 Abstained from sex 1 (3.8) 0 (0.0) 1 (2.9)
 Other actionsc 7 (26.9) 2 (25.0) 9 (26.5)
From where/whom would you like to get more information about Zika?
 Medical professional 20 (41.7) 14 (51.9) 34 (45.3)
 Family 7 (14.6) 6 (22.2) 13 (17.3)
 Friends 5 (10.4) 8 (29.6) 13 (17.3)
 Community leader 8 (16.7) 9 (33.3) 17 (22.7)
 Television 6 (12.5) 3 (11.1) 9 (12.0)
 Other mediad 13 (27.1) 8 (29.6) 21 (28.0)
 Don’t know 14 (29.2) 4 (14.8) 18 (24.0)
If you had a question about Zika, who would you ask?
 Medical professional 35 (72.9) 19 (70.4) 54 (72.0)
 Family 6 (12.5) 6 (22.2) 12 (16.0)
 Friends 3 (6.3) 6 (22.2) 9 (12.0)
 Community leader 3 (6.3) 3 (11.1) 6 (8.0)
 Don’t know 7 (14.6) 2 (7.4) 9 (12.0)
  1. aResponses may not add up to 100% since participants could select multiple response options
  2. bOnly asked to participants who responded that they have taken an action to prevent Zika since hearing about Zika (n = 34)
  3. cOther actions include putting screens on windows/doors (n = 1), washing in clean water (n = 5), prayer (n = 1), wearing covering clothes (n = 3)
  4. dOther media includes smartphone application (n = 2), internet (n = 4), newspaper (n = 2), radio (n = 6), social media (n = 1), text message (n = 2), billboards or posters (n = 4)
  5. *Indicates a preventive action that does not prevent Zika infection or transmission