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Table 2 Pathogens associated with death due to moderate-to-severe diarrhea in the univariate analysis, in children 0–59 months of age

From: Risk factors for death among children 0–59 months of age with moderate-to-severe diarrhea in Manhiça district, southern Mozambique

Variable Vital child’s status at 60-day visit HR (95%CI) p-value
  Alive
n = 752 (%)
Dead
n = 69 (%)
  
ETEC (any ST) 46/172 (27%) 5/14 (36%) 1.64 (0.52, 4.66) 0.3730
ETEC (LT only) 1/643 (0%) 0/57 (0%) 6.17 (0.04,.) 0.3228
EAEC (aata only) 109/752 (14%) 10/69 (14%) 0.97 (0.47, 1.80) 0.9291
EAEC (aaic only) 64/752 (9%) 4/69 (6%) 0.73 (0.24, 1.71) 0.5107
EAEC (aata/aaic) 37/752 (5%) 1/69 (1%) 0.42 (0.04, 1.53) 0.2242
typical EPEC 45/71 (63%) 14/15 (93%) 4.16 (1.02, 38.05) 0.0461
atypical EPEC 1/178 (1%) 0/20 (0%) 4.28 (0.03, 31.01) 0.4095
Shigella (any) 43/752 (6%) 3/69 (4%) 1.01 (0.27, 2.69) 0.9785
Rotavirus 251/751 (33%) 15/69 (22%) 0.52 (0.285, 0.905) 0.0198
Aeromonas spp 9/752 (1%) 0/69 (0%) 0.63 (0.005,.) 0.7282
Norovirus (all) 30/751 (4%) 1/69 (1%) 0.54 (0.06, 1.99) 0.4207
Adenovirus (40/41) 16/749 (2%) 0/68 (0%) 0.34 (0.003,.) 0.3625
Adenovirus (non 40/41) 10/749 (1%) 1/68 (1%) 1.43 (0.16, 5.45) 0.6483
V. cholerae 01 12/752 (2%) 1/69 (1%) 1.94 (0.21, 8.00) 0.4810
Non-typhoidal Salmonella 7/752 (1%) 0/69 (0%) 0.72 (0.006,.) 0.8107
Cryptosporidium 121/751 (16%) 26/69 (38%) 2.84 (1.72, 4.58) 0.0001
Giardia 133/751 (18%) 10/ 69 (14%) 0.90 (0.433, 1.70) 0.7590
Entamoeba histolytica 75/750 (10%) 9/69 (13%) 1.42 (0.67, 2.69) 0.3292
Campylobacter (all) 35/752 (5%) 2/69 (3%) 0.72 (0.15, 2.09) 0.5978
Astrovirus 10/751 (1%) 3/69 (4%) 3.51 (0.97, 8.93) 0.0545
Sapovirus 12/751 (2%) 0/69 (0%) 0.42 (0.003,.) 0.4870
Helicobacter pylori 28/115 (24%) 0/8 (0%) 0.21 (0.002, 1.79) 0.1894
Ascaris lumbricoides 9/115 (8%) 0/8 (0%) 0.79 (0.006, 7.02) 0.8713
Strongyloides stercoralis 4/115 (3%) 0/8 (0%) 2.06 (0.01, 22.34) 0.6617
Ancylostoma duodenale 2/115 (2%) 0/8 (0%) 9.42 (0.04, 326.81) 0.3067
Necator americanus 2/115 (2%) 0/8 (0%) 9.42 (0.04, 326.81) 0.3067