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Table 3 Bivariate and multivariate analysis for the prevalence of intestinal parasites under-five children attending Woreta Health Center, Northwest Ethiopia, 2017 (n = 310)

From: Prevalence and factors associated with intestinal parasites among under-five children attending Woreta Health Center, Northwest Ethiopia

Variables Parasite infection COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Positive/Yes Negative/No   
Child Age
  < 6 months 6 20 1 1
 6–11 months 6 44 0.45 (0.65–4.5) 0.92 (0.40–4.96)
 12–23 months 8 55 0.48 (0.27–1.44) 0.54 (0.51–1.42)
 23–59 months 38 133 0.95 (0.68–3.57) 1.74 (0.41–4.22)
Family residence
 Urban 21 145 1 1
 Rural 37 107 2.40 (1.12–6.10)* 2.64 (0.51–4.11)
Mother/Guardian Occupation
 Government 10 61 1 1
 Housewife 34 87 2.33 (1.07–5.07)* 1.94 (0.37–10.15)
 Merchant 8 64 0.76 (0.28–2.06) 0.55 (0.26–1.83)
 Farmer 6 4 0.96 (0.32–2.87) 1.40 (0.36–5.34)
Mother/guardian educational status
 Unable to read and write 24 55 1 1
 Able to read and write 13 56 2.77 (1.14–6.73)* 0.87 (0.34–2.59)
 Grade 1–8 8 60 1.58 (0.60–4.08) 0.80 (0.15–4.26)
 Grade 9–12 5 27 0.90 (0.32–2.56) 1.08 (0.22–7.27)
 Certified and above 8 54 1.56 (0.49–4.96) 0.74 (0.03–17.52)
Family income
  < 1000 Et Birr 10 57 1.12 (0.29–3.99 1.98 (0.66–4.23)
 2000–3000 Et Birr 37 115 2.08 (0.47–2.88) 3.48 (0.98–4.69)
  > 3000 Et Birr 11 71 1 1
Are dinning utensils clean
 Yes 49 233 1 1
 No 9 19 2.25 (0.96–5.27) 1.88 (0.66–5.38)
Do you wash your hand after toilet before touching your child
 Always 17 127 1  
 Sometimes 41 125 2.46 (1.01–3.23)* 3.30 (0.92–4.27)
Does your child eat unwashed fruits and vegetables
 Always 8 14 4.71 (1.71–12.97) 2.31 (0.70–7.58)
 Sometimes 34 56 2.65 (1.39–5.05) 1.72 (0.81–3.77)
 Never 16 138 1 1
Your child meal
 Always fresh 5 93 1 1
 Sometimes fresh 45 138 6.07 (0.56–4.07) 6.69 (0.16–3.56)
 Rarely fresh 8 21 7.09 (1.35–8.13)* 7.74 (1.61–7.84)**
Do you trim your child’s nails when grown
 Always 7 93 1 1
 Sometimes 51 159 4.26 (2.50–11.21)* 3.41 (2.20–10.28)**
Does your child take food other than breast milk before the age of six month
 Yes 51 235 0.53 (0.22–1.36) 1.28 (0.37–4.67)
 No 7 17 1 1
Your child playing Ground
 Not clean 32 78 2.75 (1.53–4.95)* 2.43 (1.25–5.18)**
 Clean 26 174 1 1
What is your source of drinking water
 Tap water 24 154 1 1
 Stream 34 98 2.23 (1.24–3.26)* 2.55 (0.65–5.27)
Type of your toilet
 Open defecation 22 116 0.51 (0.22–0.67)* 3.40 (1.27–10.86)**
 Public 5 69 0.16 (0.06–0.43) 3.83 (1.25–10.60)
 Private 31 67 1 1
Knowledge about the mode of transmission
 Contaminated food 27 97 1 1
 Contaminated water 23 108 1.64 (0.69–3.87) 1.41 (0.45–2.37)
 Both 8 47 1.25 (0.52–2.99) 1.02 (0.35–2.95)
  1. *Variables those were significant during bivariate logistic analysis at P value ≤ 0.05
  2. **Variables that were found to have a significant association in multivariate analysis at p-value ≤ 0.05