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Table 4 Public toilet associated with reports of diarrhea in the household in the last 2 weeks (n = 550)

From: Exploring the complex relationship between women’s sanitation practices and household diarrhea in the slums of Nairobi: a cross-sectional study

  Odds Ratio p-value CI 95%
Socio-Economic Factors
 Age (continuous) 1.03 0.219 0.981–1.076
 Education (less than complete primary)
  Completed primary 0.88 0.808 0.279–2.771
  Some secondary 1.22 0.682 0.424–3.521
  Completed secondary 1.01 0.989 0.4–2.526
 Employed 2.17 0.046 1.016–4.613
 Married 0.85 0.520 0.485–1.477
 Has children 3.93 0.024 1.243–12.455
 Household income (ref: less than 5000/month)
  Between Ksh 5000-10,000/month (US$50–$100) 2.15 0.052 0.993–4.636
  More than Ksh 10,000/month (>US$100) 0.77 0.668 0.207–2.866
Toilet descriptors
 Public toilet 2.25 0.001 1.542–3.284
Water source
 Primary water source (ref: public tap/well)
  Tap inside home/building 3.78 0.023 1.254–11.384
  Tap outside home/building 2.83 0.054 0.977–8.173
  Tanker/vendor 1.67 0.315 0.566–4.958
Toilet hygiene and accessibility
 Toilet(s) are clean 0.44 0.014 0.241–0.814
 Toilet(s) have running water/water for hygiene 0.53 0.209 0.186–1.517
 Maximum number of people sharing toilet(s) (continuous) 1.00 0.353 0.999–1.002
 Maximum walk time to toilet(s) (ref: does not go out)
  2 min or less 3.28 0.001 1.927–5.59
  Between 3 and 4 min 2.15 0.157 0.705–6.586
  At least 5 min 0.95 0.853 0.549–1.657
WASH knowledge and practices
 Uses disinfectant (e.g. soap) to wash hands 0.69 0.413 0.262–1.815
 Treats drinking water 0.55 0.068 0.285–1.056
 Uses tissue for anal cleansing 1.22 0.551 0.594–2.513
 WASH knowledge score (continuous) 1.10 0.059 0.996–1.216