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Table 2 Distribution of H. pylori infection and its association with risk factors among symptomatic patients at Jasmin internal medicine and pediatrics specialized clinic, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2018(n = 487)

From: Magnitude of Helicobacter pylori and associated risk factors among symptomatic patients attending at Jasmin internal medicine and pediatrics specialized private clinic in Addis Ababa city, Ethiopia

Variables Total Stool antigen  
Positive Negative COR CI 95% P-value
Sex Female 279 108(38.7) 171(61.3) 1.219 0.838–1.772 0.301
Male 208 71(34.1) 137(65.9) 1   
Age category 3–10 93 30(32.3) 63(67.7) 0.863 0.408–1.826 0.700
11–18 63 24(38.1) 39(61.9) 1.115 0.504–2.469 0.788
19–26 112 41(36.6) 71(63.4) 1.047 0.509–2.153 0.901
27–34 79 32(40.5) 47(59.5) 1.234 0.578–2.633 0.587
35–42 65 22(33.8) 43(66.2) 0.927 0.418–2.059 0.853
43–50 30 14(46.7) 16(53.3) 1.586 0.618–4.067 0.337
> 50 45 16(35.6) 29(64.4) 1   
Income 1000–1500 21 13(61.9) 8(38.1) 7.150 1.927–26.524 0.003
2000–2500 25 17(68.0) 8(32.0) 9.350 2.589–33.769 0.001
3000–3500 414 144(34.8) 270(65.2) 2.347 0.870–6.327 0.092
> 4000 27 5(18.5) 22(81.5) 1   
Family number 1–3 345 127(36.8) 218(63.2) 1   
4–6 142 52(36.6) 90(63.4) 0.992 0.661–1.488 0.968
Education status Primary 13 10(76.9) 3(23.1) 6.555 1.777–24.177 0.005
High school 32 20(62.5) 12(37.5) 3.277 1.560–6.885 0.002
University 442 149(33.7) 293(66.3) 1   
Type of toilet Flush 413 154(37.3) 259(62.7) 1   
Pit latrine 74 25(33.8) 49(66.2) 0.858 0.509–1.445 0.565
Water source Tap water 429 163(38.0) 266(62.0) 1.532 0.660–3.558 0.321
Boiled water 30 8(26.7) 22(73.3) 0.909 0.287–2.877 0.871
Bottle water 28 8(28.6) 20(71.4) 1   
Hand wash after toilet Yes 384 138(35.9) 246(64.1) 0.488 0.543–1.325 0.470
No 103 41(39.8) 62(60.2) 1