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Table 3 Drug resistance in isolates from bone biopsy cultures in war-wounded civilians from Iraq, Syria and Yemen

From: Post-traumatic osteomyelitis in Middle East war-wounded civilians: resistance to first-line antibiotics in selected bacteria over the decade 2006–2016

  Enterobacteriaceae S. aureus P. aeruginosa
N a n (%) N a n (%) N a n (%)
Pip/tazob 200 90 (45.0) 84 21 (25.0)
Cefepime 200 176 (88.0) 77 67 (87.0)
Imipenem 208 9 (4.3) 95 6 (6.3)
Ertapenem 85 8 (9.4)
Ciprofloxacin 200 117 (58.5) 177 74 (41.8) 90 45 (50.0)
Cotrimoxazole 179 150 (83.8) 144 51 (35.4)
Erythromycin 136 74 (54.4)
Clindamycin 169 86 (50.8)
Rifampin 149 66 (44.3)
Fusidic acid 142 69 (48.6)
  1. aNumber of isolates with susceptibility test result available
  2. bPiperacillin/tazobactam