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Table 3 Types of EPTB among the study participants in the studied hospitals (n = 112)

From: A prospective study of socio-demographic, clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of children with tuberculosis in Sindh, Pakistan

Variables Lymph node
n = 43 (%)
Abdominal
n = 28 (%)
Pleural
n = 14 (%)
Bones/ Joints
n = 1 (%)
Meningitis
n = 22 (%)
Skin
n = 4 (%)
Total cases n = 112 P value*
Gender
 Male 19 (35.8) 17 (32.1) 5 (9.4) 00 9 (17) 3 (5.7) 53 (47.3) 0.366
 Female 24 (40.7) 11 (18.6) 9 (15.3) 1 (1.7) 13 (22) 1 (1.7) 59 (52.7)
Age (years)
  ≤ 2 6 (30) 3 (15) 2 (10) 00 9 (45) 00 20 (17.9) 0.105
 3–5 7 (36.8) 5 (26.3) 1 (5.3) 00 5 (26.3) 1 (5.3) 19 (17)
 6–10 18 (38.3) 17 (36.2) 6 (12.8) 00 4 (8.5) 2 (4.3) 47 (42)
 11–14 12 (46.2) 3 (11.5) 5 (19.2) 1 (3.8) 4 (15.4) 1 (3.8) 26 (23.1)
Weight (percentiles)
 Normal 11 (52.4) 4 (19) 2 (9.5) 00 3 (14.3) 1 (4.8) 21 (18.8) 0.765
 Underweight** 32 (35.2) 24 (26.4) 12 (13.2) 1 (1.1) 19 (20.9) 3 (3.3) 91 (81.2)
Residence
 Rural 14 (29.8) 8 (17) 6 (12.8) 1 (2.1) 16 (34) 2 (4.3) 47 (42) 0.018
 Urban 29 (44.6) 20 (30.8) 8 (12.3) 00 6 (9.2) 2 (3.1) 65 (58)
BCG scar
 Present 35 (36.5) 24 (25) 14 (14.5) 1 (1) 18 (18.8) 4 (4.2) 96 (85.7) <  0.001
 Absent 8 (50) 4 (25) 00 00 4 (25) 00 16 (14.3)
Registration Category at baseline
 New 41 (38.3) 25 (23.4) 14 (13.1) 1 (0.9) 22 (20.6) 4 (3.7) 107 (95.5) 0.428
 Retreated 2 (40) 3 (60) 00 00 00 00 5 (4.5)
TST
 Positive (≥10 mm) 23 (53.5) 13 (30.2) 3 (7) 00 4 (9.3) 00 43 (38.4) 0.019
 Negative (<10 mm) 20 (29) 15 (21.7) 11 (15.9) 1 (1.4) 18 (26.1) 4 (5.8) 69 (61.6)
  1. *Statistically significant values ≤ 0.05, **< 5 percentiles