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Table 1 Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of children with TB in Hyderabad, Matiari and Jamshoro districts of Pakistan (n = 508)

From: A prospective study of socio-demographic, clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of children with tuberculosis in Sindh, Pakistan

Variables n (%)
Gender
 Male 240 (47.2)
 Female 268 (52.8)
Age (years)
  ≤ 2 174 (34.2)
 3–5 120 (23.6)
 6–10 139 (27.4)
 11–14 75 (14.8)
Residence
 Rural 206 (40.6)
 Urban 302 (59.4)
Type of TB
 PTB+ 29 (5.7)
 PTB- 52 (10.2)
 PTBNS 315 (62.0)
 EPTB 112 (22.0)
EPTB site
 Peripheral lymph  
 nodes 43 (38.4)
 Abdominal 28 (25.0)
 Pleural 14 (12.5)
 Bones/Joints 1 (0.9)
 Meningitis 22 (19.6)
 Skin 4 (3.6)
Weight (percentiles)
 Underweight 457 (90.0)
 Normal* 51 (10.0)
Registration category
 New 485 (95.5)
 Retreated 23 (4.5)
BCG scar
 Present 436 (85.8)
 Absent 72 (14.2)
Baseline CXR
 Normal 131 (25.8)
 Abnormal 318 (62.6)
 Not done 59 (11.6)
TST
 Positive (≥ 10 mm) 268 (52.8)
 Negative (< 10 mm) 240 (47.2)
  1. *< 5 percentiles, PTB- = smear negative pulmonary TB,
  2. PTB+ smear positive pulmonary TB, PTBNS pulmonary TB
  3. with no sputum examination, EPTB extra-pulmonary TB,
  4. TST Tuberculin Skin Test, and BCG Bacillus Calmette-Guerin
  5. ♣ include relapse, Lost to follow-up and failure patients with previous TB treatment
  6. CXR Chest X-ray