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Table 2 Clinical symptoms in patients with positive diagnostic for Bartonella bacilliformis, Leptospira spp. and Rickettsia spp. from Puerto Maldonado-Madre de Dios, Peru

From: Molecular detection and clinical characteristics of Bartonella bacilliformis, Leptospira spp., and Rickettsia spp. in the Southeastern Peruvian Amazon basin

Signs and symptoms AFI Total Bartonella bacilliformis Leptospira spp. Rickettsia spp.
N = 139 % N = 30 % CI 95% (%) OR N = 16 % CI 95% (%) OR N = 9 % CI 95% (%) OR
Headaches 111 79.9 22 73.3 55.6–85.8 0.694 14 87.5 64.0–96.5 1.766 3 33.3 12.1–64.6 0.126
Myalgia 96 69.1 18 60.0 42.3–75.4 0.672 11 68.8 44.4–85.8 0.985 2 22.2 6.3–54.7 0.128
Arthralgia 89 64.0 18 60.0 42.3–75.4 0.843 10 62.5 38.6–81.5 0.936 1 11.1 2.0–43.5 0.070
Loss of appetite 48 34.5 7 23.3 11.8–40.9 0.577 5 31.2 14.2–55.6 0.862 0 0 0.0–29.9 0.000
Retroocular pain 48 34.5 9 30.0 16.7–47.9 0.812 6 37.5 18.5–61.4 1.138 0 0.0 0.0–29.9 0.000
Nausea 40 28.8 10 33.3 19.2–51.2 1.238 4 25.0 10.2–49.5 0.825 0 0.0 0.0–29.9 0.000
Chills 22 15.8 7 23.3 11.8–40.9 1.619 2 12.5 3.5–36.0 0.760 0 0.0 0.0–29.9 0.000
Vomits 11 7.9 2 6.7 1.9–21.3 0.831 2 12.5 3.5–36.0 1.662 0 0.0 0.0–29.9 0.000
Dizziness 10 7.2 2 6.7 1.9–21.3 0.921 1 6.2 1.1–28.3 0.860 0 0.0 0.0–29.9 0.000
Rash 10 7.2 2 6.7 1.9–21.3 0.921 1 6.2 1.1–28.3 0.860 0 0.0 0.0–29.9 0.000
Sorethroat 9 6.5 3 10.0 3.5–25.6 1.605 2 12.5 3.5–36.0 2.064 0 0.0 0.0–29.9 0.000
Photophobia 9 6.5 3 10.0 3.5–25.6 1.605 1 6.2 1.1–28.3 0.963 0 0.0 0.0–29.9 0.000
Abdominal pain 8 5.8 1 3.3 0.6–16.7 0.565 2 12.5 3.5–36.0 2.340 1 11.1 2.0–43.5 2.047
Cough 6 4.3 2 6.7 1.9–21.3 1.583 1 6.2 1.1–28.3 1.478 0 0.0 0.0–29.9 0.000
Pallor 5 3.6 2 6.7 1.9–21.3 1.914 0 0.0 0.0–19.4 0.000 0 0.0 0.0–29.9 0.000
Diarrhea 5 3.6 2 6.7 1.9–21.3 1.914 1 6.2 1.1–28.3 1.787 0 0.0 0.0–29.9 0.000
Conjunctival injection 5 3.6 2 6.7 1.9–21.3 1.914 1 6.2 1.1–28.3 1.787 0 0.0 0.0–29.9 0.000
Rhinorrhea 4 2.9 1 3.3 0.6–16.7 1.164 0 0.0 0.0–19.4 0.000 0 0.0 0.0–29.9 0.000
Shortness of breath 3 2.2 0 0.0 0.0–11.4 0.000 0 0.0 0.0–19.4 0.000 0 0.0 0.0–29.9 0.000
Dysuria 2 1.4 1 3.3 0.6–16.7 2.362 0 0.0 0.0–19.4 0.000 0 0.0 0.0–29.9 0.000
Fatigue 2 1.4 0 0.0 0.0–11.4 0.000 0 0.0 0.0–19.4 0.000 0 0.0 0.0–29.9 0.000
Jaundice 2 1.4 1 3.3 0.6–16.7 2.362 0 0.0 0.0–19.4 0.000 0 0.0 0.0–29.9 0.000
Seizures 1 0.7 1 3.3 0.6–16.7 4.759 0 0.0 0.0–19.4 0.000 0 0.0 0.0–29.9 0.000