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Table 4 Factors associated with DM among TB patients, in Hanoi, Vietnam, 2016 (n = 831)

From: Prevalence and associated factors of diabetes mellitus among tuberculosis patients in Hanoi, Vietnam

Characteristics OR (95% CI) p value aOR (95% CI)* p value
Age (years)
  < 40 Reference    
 40–64 3.56 (2.08–6.07) < 0.001 6.09 (2.81–13.2) < 0.001
  ≥ 65 3.42 (1.88–6.23) < 0.001 2.65 (1.65–4.25) < 0.001
Sex
 Female Reference    
 Male 1.74 (1.15–2.63) 0.007 1.62 (0.96–2.75) 0.071
Family history of DM
 No Reference    
 Yes 2.35 (1.55–3.56) <  0.001 2.71 (1.33–5.50) 0.006
Type of TB
 Extra-pulmonary Reference    
 Smear negative 1.78 (1.00–3.17) 0.044 1.26 (0.83–1.91) 0.272
 Smear positive 1.85 (1.07–3.22) 0.024 1.83 (0.86–3.93) 0.119
Smoker
 Never smoke Reference    
 Current smoker 1.32 (0.80–2.16) 0.283 0.75 (0.33–1.71) 0.494
 Ex-smoker 1.41 (0.97–2.07) 0.076 0.58 (0.31–1.10) 0.094
BMI
  < 18.5 Reference    
 18.5–24.9 1.01 (0.70–1.46) 0.945 1.03 (0.65–1.64) 0.885
  > =25 2.22 (1.11–4.42) 0.032 2.27 (0.75–6.82) 0.146
Education
 Primary or lower Reference    
 Secondary; high school 1.09 (0.68–1.74) 0.712 1.07 (0.55–2.05) 0.850
 Colleagues/University or higher 0.86 (0.47–1.58) 0.632 0.47 (0.12–1.84) 0.281
  1. TB Tuberculosis; DM Diabetes mellitus; OR Odds ratio; aOR Adjusted odds ratio; CI Confidence interval; BMI Body mass index
  2. *Adjusted for age; sex; residence; education; occupation; marital status; type of TB; family history of DM and BMI in Multivariate logistic regression