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Table 1 Cases of Gemella berigeri from 1998 to 2018

From: Purpura fulminans with Lemierre’s syndrome caused by Gemella bergeri and Eikenella corrodens: a case report

Case Age Gender Disease Underlying disease Antibiotics Reson for changing antibiotics Blood culture How to diagnose Operation Outcome Reference
1 42 Male I ▪ E Mitral valve prolapse, periodontitis NA NA NA 16S rRNA gene sequence Valve replacement Admission [5]
2 NA NA I・E NA NA NA NA 16S rRNA gene sequence NA Survived [5]
3 NA NA I・E NA NA NA NA 16S rRNA gene sequence NA Survived [5]
4a NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 16S rRNA gene sequence NA Survived [5]
5a NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 16S rRNA gene sequence NA Survived [5]
6a NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 16S rRNA gene sequence NA Survived [5]
7 32 Male I・E Bicuspid aortic valve Ampicillin, gentamicin, refampicin No Gram-positive cocci 16S rRNA gene sequence Ring abscess curettage, valve replacement Survived [6]
8 15 Male I・E Tetralogy of Fallot, pulmonary atresia Vancomycin, gentamicin →ceftriaxone, refampicin Side effect Gram-positive cocci 16S rRNA gene sequence No Survived [7]
9 24 Male I・E Rheumatic heart disease Ceftriaxone, gentamicin No Gram-positive cocci Phenotypic method Decompressive craniotomy Death [8]
10 50 Male I・E Bicuspid aortic valve Amoxicilline-clavulanate, amikacin →ceftriaxon, gentamicin Antibiogram results Gemella bergeri NA No Survived [9]
11 37 Male I・E Tricuspid valve cleft NA NA Negative Real-time PCR Valve repair with vegetectomy Survived [10]
12 63 Male I・E Extensive dental procedure Vancomycin, piperacillin-tazobactam, levofloxacin No Gram-positive cocci Phenotypic method No Death [4]
13 23 Male I・E Bicuspid aortic valve Ceftriaxone, vancomycin →ampicillin, gentamicin Antibiogram results Gemella bergeri NA Mitral valve repair with vegetectomy, aortic valve replacement Survived [11]
  1. I・E Infective endocarditis, NA Not applicable, PCR Polymerase chain reaction, RNA Ribonucleic acid; aThese cases do not mention a clinical diagnosis and further clinical data