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Table 2 Patient characteristics, medication use and microbiome data of the three groups

From: Temporal instability of the post-surgical maxillary sinus microbiota

  Group 1: No CRS (n = 9) Group 2: Persistent CRS (n = 11) Group 3: CRS exacerbation (n = 15)
Age, years 57.9 ± 13.1 57.4 ± 13.9 51.6 ± 13.5
Male, % 2 (22.2) 3 (33.3) 4 (44.4)
Patients with polyps, % 1 (11.1) 9 (81.8)* 10 (66.7)*
Time intervals, days 747 ± 226 761 ± 414 673 ± 448
Patients on steroid rinses, % 11.1 63.6* 53.3
Patients on oral steroid, % 0 27.2** 0
Patients on topical antibiotic, % 0 18.1 6.7
Patients on antibiotics, % 11.1 0 13.3
Patients on steroid spray, % 22.2 45.5 26.7
Patients on saline rinsing, % 77.8 100 86.7
Patients on antibiotics the past 8 weeks, % 0 9.1 0
Shannon diversity index 2.08 ± 1.18 1.52 ± 0.67** 1.92 ± 0.81
Jaccard index 24.2 ± 10.7 25.3 ± 12.7 23.6 ± 11.3
  1. Data are shown as mean ± standard deviation unless otherwise specified. *: p < 0.05 versus group 1; **: p < 0.05 versus group 1 and 3
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