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Table 1 Characteristics of Patients notified to the Kenyan National TB Programme in 2015

From: Variability in distribution and use of tuberculosis diagnostic tests in Kenya: a cross-sectional survey

  0-14yrs n (%) ≥15yrs n (%) Overall population n (%)
(N = 6450) (N = 75863) (N = 82313)
Gender
 Male 3406 (52.8) 47931 (63.2) 51337 (62.4)
 Female 3044 (47.2) 27932 (36.8) 30976 (37.6)
Sector
 Public 4938 (76.6) 59165 (78.0) 64103 (77.9)
 Prisons 41 (0.6) 1349 (1.8) 1390 (1.7)
 Private 1343 (20.8) 14010 (18.5) 15353 (18.7)
 Faith based and others 128 (2.0) 1339 (1.8) 1467 (1.8)
TB Type
 Pulmonary 4774 (74.0) 62964 (83.0) 67738 (82.3)
 Extra-pulmonary 1676 (26.0) 12899 (17.0) 14575 (17.7)
HIV testing
 Negative 4517 (70.0) 49016 (64.6) 53533 (65.0)
 Positive 1610 (25.0) 24980 (32.9) 26590 (32.3)
 Unknown 323 (5.0) 1867 (2.5) 2190 (2.7)
Anthropometry (BMI)
 Underweighta 2951 (45.8) 35274 (46.5) 38225 (46.4)
 Normal 2777 (43.1) 31338 (41.3) 34115 (41.5)
 Overweight/obese 22 (0.34) 2929 (3.9) 2951 (3.4)
 Undocumented 700 (10.9) 6322 (8.3) 7022 (8.5)
Type of patient
 New 6233 (96.6) 68470 (90.3) 74703 (90.8)
 Transfer in 40 (0.6) 788 (1.0) 828 (1.0)
 Relapse (recurrence) 144 (2.2) 5383 (7.1) 5527 (6.7)
 Default 33 (0.5) 999 (1.3) 1032 (1.3)
 Failure 0 (0) 223 (0.3) 223 (0.3)
Chest-X-ray
 Done 3140 (48.7) 22141 (29.2) 25281 (30.7)
 Not done 3310 (51.3) 53722 (70.8) 57032 (69.3)
Smear Microscopy
 Done 1886 (29.2) 60797 (80.1) 62,683 (76.2)
 Positiveb 694 (36.7) 40768 (67.1) 41462 (66.1)
 Negativeb 1192 (63.2) 20029 (32.9) 21221 (33.9)
Xpert MTB/RIF®
 Done 309 (4.8) 9224 (12.2) 9533 (11.6)
 Positive (Rif-Sensitive)b 195 (63.1) 7493 (81.2) 7688 (80.6)
 Positive (Rif-Resistant)b 1 (0.3) 129 (1.4) 130 (1.4)
 Negativeb 113 (36.6) 1602 (17.4) 1715 (18.0)
Culture/Line Probe Assay (LPA)
 Done 5 (0.1) 444 (0.6) 449 (0.5)
 Drug susceptibleb 5 (100) 371 (83.6) 376 (83.7)
 Drug resistantb 0 (0.0) 73 (16.4) 73 (16.3)
Outcome
 Cured 537 (8.3) 31416 (41.4) 31953 (38.8)
 Died 270 (4.2) 4391 (5.8) 4661 (5.7)
 Treatment failure 1 (0.02) 429 (0.6) 430 (0.5)
 Otherc 5642 (87.5) 39627 (52.2) 45269 (55%)
  1. aUnderweight defined as either WAZ <-2SD or BMI<18.5 as appropriate for age
  2. bPercentage in brackets represent proportions amongst those who got the test done
  3. cOther included: treatment not completed; completed but not cured; defaulted; transferred out