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Table 1 Summary statistics of the meta-analysis prevalence of hepatitis B virus infection among pregnant women in Ethiopia

From: Hepatitis B virus infection among pregnant women in Ethiopia: a systematic review and Meta-analysis of prevalence studies

  Prevalence, % (95%CI) N studies N participants I2 (95%CI) H (95%CI) p heterogeneity P Egger test p difference
Overall 4.7 (4.0–5.4) 17 5629 37.9 (0.0–65.2) 1.3 (1.0–1.7) 0.058 0.076
By site
 ANC 4.8 (3.8–5.8) 12 3723 48.6 (0.0–73.6) 1.4 (1.0–2.0) 0.029 0.026 0.664
 ANC irrespective 4.5 (3.5–5.5) 5 1906 6.9 (0.0–80.6) 1.0 (1.0–2.3) 0.368 0.939  
By median sample size
  < 318 5.0 (3.9–6.2) 8 1846 22.1 (0.0–64.0) 1.1 (1.0–1.7) 0.253 0.349 0.418
  ≥ 318 4.5 (3.6–5.5) 9 3783 48.6 (0.0–76.1) 1.4 (1.0–2.0) 0.049 0.148  
By HBV screening tool
 ELISA 5.2 (4.2–6.3) 9 2306 18.8 (0.0–60.5) 1.1 (1.0–1.6) 0.275 0.877 0.122
 Rapid 4.2 (3.3–5.2) 8 3323 41.8 (0.0–74.3) 1.3 (1.0–2.0) 0.100 0.320  
Regions
 Central 4.9 (3.9–6.0) 5 1665 0.0 (0.0–74.3) 1.0 (1.0–2.0) 0.519 0.910 0.405
 Eastern 6.9 (4.4–10.0) 1 318 NA NA NA NA  
 North Eastern 4.9 (3.0–7.3) 1 385 NA NA NA NA  
 North West 4.4 (3.1–5.8) 3 911 0.0 (0.0–69.8) 1.0 (1.0–1.8) 0.708 0.534  
 Northern 5.5 (3.3–8.2) 1 328 NA NA NA NA  
 South West 3.6 (2.4–5.0) 2 782 1.0 0.0 0.928 NA  
 Southern 4.8 (2.3–8.0) 4 1240 79.7 (46.0–92.3) 2.2 (1.4–3.6) 0.002 0.198  
Methodological quality
 JBI ≤ 80 4.9 (4.0–5.9) 11 3823 48.4 (0.0–74.2) 1.4 (1.0–2.0) 0.036 0.039 0.405
 JBI > 80 4.3 (3.3–5.4) 6 1806 15.7 (0.0–78.6) 1.1 (1.0–2.2) 0.131 0.596  
  1. CI confidence interval, NA not applicable