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Table 2 Factors associated to MTCT of HIV in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, April 2017

From: Determinants of HIV infection among children born to mothers on prevention of mother to child transmission program of HIV in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a case control study

Characteristics Categories Cases Controls COR [95% CI] AOR [95% CI] P-value
Mother to mother support No 41 93 12.1 [3.6, 40.8] 5.1 [1.4, 18.1]** 0.000
Yes 3 83 1.00   
Partner involvement High 8 93 1.00   
Low 36 83 5.0 [2.2, 11.5] 6.9 [1.4, 13.4]** 0.000
WHO Stage at enrollment Stage I 20 160 1.00   
Stage II 24 16 12 [5.5, 26.3] 3.3 [1.2, 9.1]** 0.019
ART adherence Good 21 136 1.00   
Poor 23 40 3.7 [1.8, 7.4] 3.1 [1.3, 7.5]** 0.011
Syphilis test result Negative 31 163 1.00   
Positive 13 13 5.3 [2.2, 12.4] 3.2 [1.2, 8.6] 0.000
Breast condition Normal 32 165 1.00   0.000
Breast disease 12 11 5.6 [2.3, 13.9] 4.4 [1.9, 10.4]** 0.001
Nutritional status at 18th month Not malnourished 12 136 1.00   
Malnourished 32 42 8.5 [4.0, 17.9] 3.1 [1.4, 6.8]** 0.000
Pregnancy planned Yes 9 147 1.00   
No 35 29 19.7 [8.6, 45.4] 10.3 [3.9, 27.2]** 0.000
PMTCT prophylaxis ANC Yes 35 171 1.00   
No 9 5 8.7 [2.7, 27.8] 3.1 [1.3, 9.6]** 0.008
Place of delivery Institution 28 170 1.00   
Home 16 6 16.2 [5.8, 44.8] 5.3 [1.4, 19.4]** 0.001
Mode of delivery Vaginal 18 118 0.7 [0.3, 1.5] 1.8 [0.7, 4.7] 0.257
Cesarean 11 48 1.00   
Instrumental 15 10 6.5 [2.3, 18.4] 3.3 [1.6, 7.2]** 0.002
Infant feeding practice within 6 months Exclusive breast 8 133 1.00   
Mixed feeding 33 10 54.8 [20.0, 149.8] 12.5 [2.9, 52.7]** 0.000
Exclusive replacement 3 33 1.51 [0.3, 6.0] 1.2 [0.20, 8.1] 0.072
  1. **significant at p value < 0.05