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Table 3 Cox regression analysis of factors associated with LTFU among adult patients on ART therapy at Karamara General Hospital, September 2007 to September 2014, Somali region, Jigjiga town, Eastern Ethiopia, 2015

From: Predictors of loss to follow up among adult clients attending antiretroviral treatment at Karamara general hospital, Jigjiga town, Eastern Ethiopia, 2015: a retrospective cohort study

Variables Loss to Follow Up AHR P- Value
Yes No (95% CI)
Sex
 Male 107 (34.2) 498 (65.8) 2.1 (1.3–3.4) 0.034*
 Female 106 (24.7) 728 (75.3) 1  
Next appointment recorded properly
 Yes 190 (17.4) 902 (82.6) 1 0.000*
 No 23 (6.6) 324 (93.4) 1.2 (1.12–1.36)  
History of TB treatment
 Yes 71 (19.4) 296 (80.6) 1.2 (0.08–1.38)  
 No 142 (13.2) 930 (86.8) 1 0.561
WHO Stagea
 I 38 (11.6) 290 (88.4) 1  
 II 29 (12.7) 199 (87.3) 0.4 (0.34–2.34) 0.341
 III 111 (16.6) 559 (83.4) 0.8 (0.40–1.17) 0.123
 IV 35 (16.4) 178 (83.6) 0.6 (0.28–1.43) 0.112
Functional statusb
 Functional 81 (10.0) 730 (90.0) 1  
 Ambulatory 96 (19.6) 392 (80.4) 0.73 (0.44–1.2) 0.2213
 Bed ridden 36 (25.7) 104 (74.3) 1.31 (0.86–1.9) 0.2364
CD4 Count
 = < 200 152 (16.3) 783 (83.7) 0.7 (0.5–1.0) 0.117
 201–250 21 (10.8) 174 (89.2) 0.6 (0.4–1.8) 0.712
 251–300 16 (8.2) 180 (91.8) 0.7 (0.6–1.0) 0.371
 301–350 10 (8.9) 103 (91.1) 0.9 (1.1–1.8) 0.682
 > = 351 14 (12.4) 99 (87.6) 1  
Disclosure status
 Disclosed to any one 76 (7.0) 1005 (93.0) 1  
 Not disclosed to any one 137 (38.3) 221 (61.7) 2.8 (2.22–5.23) 0.034*
  1. Note
  2. *statistically significant at p-value < 0.05
  3. ais based on the clinical sign and symptom complex
  4. bFunctional = able to perform usual work in or out of the house, harvest, go to school
  5. Ambulatory = able to perform activities of daily living but not able to work or play
  6. Bedridden = not able to perform activities of daily living