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Table 3 Bivariate and multivariate analysis for adherence to antiretroviral therapy among HIV positive adults attending care and treatment in University of Gondar Referral Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia, 2015 (n = 440)

From: Adherence to antiretroviral therapy and associated factors among HIV positive adults attending care and treatment in University of Gondar Referral Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia

Variables Adherence Status COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Adherent Non Adherent
Sex
 Male 153 23 1  
 Female 235 29 1.22(0.68,2.18)  
Age (in year)
 18–28 66 11 1.11(0.35,3.50)  
 29–38 191 21 1.1.68(0.59,4.84)  
 39–48 104 15 1.28(0.43,3.85)  
  > = 49 27 5 1  
Marital status
 Single 54 12 0.76(0.31,1.91)  
 Married 213 23 1.57(0.71,3.48)  
 Divorced 62 7 1.50(0.54,4.20)  
 Widowed 59 10 1  
Educational status
 No formal education 97 9 1.17(0.34,4.02)  
 Primary school 75 8 1.01(0.29,3.58)  
 Secondary school 79 31 0.62(0.21,1.88)  
 College/University 36 5 1  
Occupation
 Government employee 79 8 3.75(0.97,10.24)  
 Private employee 70 5 5.31(0.89,16.64)  
 Housewife 85 8 4.03(0.87,10.99)  
 Merchant 74 12 2.34(0.93,5.89)  
 Farmer 27 6 1.71(0.55,5.25)  
 Daily laborer 20 6 4.55(0.92,22.56)  
 Others 29 11 1  
Residence
 Urban 347 30 6.21(3.28,11.75)a 6.99(2.30,21.26) b
 Rural 41 22 1 1
Incomec
  < 1000 92 26 0.28(0.12,0.64)a 0.42(0.12,1.52)
 1000–2000 116 11 0.83(0.32, 2.14) 0.95(0.24,3.69)
 2001–3000 78 7 0.87(0.30,2.51) 1.09(0.27,4.41)
  > 3000 102 8 1 1
Comorbidities
 Yes 82 35 0.13(0.07, 0.24)a 0.13(0.05, 0.33)b
 No 306 17 1 1
Knowledge about treatment
 Knowledgeable 282 15 6.56(3.46,12.45)a 7.54(2.69,21.15)b
 Not Knowledgeable 106 37 1 1
Knowing HIV status of partners
 Yes 220 20 0.33(0.16,0.68)a 0.57(0.64,4.96)
 No 58 16 1 1
HIV status of partners
 Negative 35 5 0.57(0.19,1.66) 0.91 (0.21, 4.01)
 Positive 185 15 1 1
Discuss about safe sex with a partner
 Yes 232 24 0.4(0.19,0.85)a 0.83(0.18,3.88)
 No 46 12 1 1
Disclosing HIV status of partners
 Yes 369 42 4.62(2.02,10.60)a 3.65(1.06,12.61)b
 No 19 10 1 1
Recent CD4 count
  < 500 mm3 227 39 1 1
  > =500 mm3 161 13 2.13(1.1,4.11)a 3.91(1.19,12.81)b
Number of partner
 1 240 28 1.81(0.77,4.25) 1.01(0.21,4.73)
  > 1 38 8 1 1
Length of stay with current partner
  < 1 year 56 11 0.45(0.20,1.02 2.9(0.47,17.97)
 1–4 years 31 8 0.35(0.14,0.87)a 0.76(0.19,3.14)
  > 4 years 191 17 1 1
Duration since tested HIV positive
  < 1 year 24 6 0.67(0.07,6.64)  
 1–5 year 154 18 1.43(0.16,12.52)  
 5–10 year 204 27 1.26(0.15,10.86)  
  > 10 years 6 1 1  
  1. aSignificant variables in bivariate analysis,
  2. bSignificant variables in multivariate analysis,
  3. cIn Ethiopian Birr