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Table 2 Results of the multivariable analysis

From: Antibiotic prescribing behavior among general practitioners – a questionnaire-based study in Germany

Questions Odds Ratio (95% CI)
Relevance of antimicrobial resistance for daily work
(Answers: strong/medium vs. little/not at all)
 
Contacts to patients with MDRO  
Monthly or less frequently Reference
Weekly or more frequently 5.65 (1.71–18.64)
Do you believe that your prescribing behavior influences the drug resistant organism situation in your area?
(Answer: yes vs. no or I don’t know)
 
Work experience
 0–7 years Reference
 8–14 years 0.91 (0.44–1-91)
 14–25 years 0.44 (0.23–0.85)
  > 25 years 0.32 (0.17–0.62)
Do you use guidelines in your daily routine?
(Answers: frequently vs. sometimes, seldom or never)
 
Population of the practice location
  > 100.000 Reference
 20.000–99.000 0.93 (0.50–1.73)
 5.000–20.000 1.95 (1.07–3.56)
  < 5.000 1.08 (0.53–2.19)
Age (in years)
  > 60 Reference
 56–60 3.22 (1.42–7.31)
 51–55 1.79 (0.76–4.18)
 45–50 2.99 (1.34–6.65)
 40–44 3.17 (1.30–7.72)
< 40 3.97(1.32–11.91)
Do you use the strategy of delayed antibiotic prescription?
(Answer: very often/often vs. sometimes/seldom/unknown strategy)
 
Population of the practice location
  > 100.000 Reference
 20.000–99.000 0.49 (0.26–0.91)
 5.000–20.000 0.39 (0.21–0.75)
  < 5.000 0.57 (0.28–1.17)
Indications for me prescribing antibiotics are …
…acute infection with yellow/green sputum
(rather yes vs. rather not, to a certain degree)
 
Medical specialization
 General Medicine Reference
 Internal Medicine 2.36 (1.08–5.17)
 No specialization 9.07 (0.85–96.99)
Work experience
 0–7 years Reference
 8–14 years 1.85 (0.90–3.80)
 14–25 years 3.33 (1.69–6.58)
  > 25 years 6.54 (3.22–13.30)
  1. CI confidence interval, MDRO multidrug resistant organism
  2. Note. Predictors in the multivariable analysis are shown in Table 1