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Table 2 Types of bacteria isolated from cultures of ascitic fluid in patients with cirrhosis

From: Clinical and bacteriological features and prognosis of ascitic fluid infection in Chinese patients with cirrhosis

Isolates no.(%) of isolates
Total (n = 656) BA (n = 208) SBP (n = 448) P
Gram-negative organisms     
Total 447 (68.1%) 116 (55.8%) 331 (73.9%) < 0.001
Escherichia coli 267 (40.7%) 71 (34.1%) 196 (43.8%) 0.020
Klebsiella spp. 87 (13.3%) 20 (9.6%) 67 (15.0%) 0.061
Enterobacter spp. 20 (3.0%) 5 (2.4%) 15 (3.3%) 0.513
Acinetobacter spp. 18 (2.7%) 5 (2.4%) 13 (2.9%) 0.716
Aeromonas spp. 9 (1.4%) 2 (1.0%) 7 (1.6%) 0.726
Citrobacter spp. 8 (1.2%) 3 (1.4%) 5 (1.1%) 0.713
Serratia spp. 7 (1.1%) 2 (1.0%) 5 (1.1%) 1.000
Burkholderia spp. 5 (0.8%) 3 (1.4%) 2 (0.4%) 0.333
Pseudomonas spp. 8 (1.2%) 1 (0.5%) 7 (1.6%) 0.446
Other 18 (4.0%) 4 (1.9%) 14 (3.1%)
Gram-positive organisms     
Total 209 (31.9%) 92 (44.2%) 117 (26.1%) < 0.001
Streptococcus spp. 110 (16.8%) 47 (22.6%) 63 (14.1%) 0.006
Enterococcus spp. 66 (10.1%) 29 (13.9%) 37 (8.3%) 0.024
Coagulase-positive staphylococci 25 (3.8%) 11 (5.3%) 14 (3.1%) 0.178
Kocuria spp. 3 (0.5%) 1 (0.5%) 2 (0.4%) 1.000
Other 5 (0.8%) 4 (1.9%) 1 (0.2%)
  1. P:compared between isolates collected from BA and SBP. P-values < 0.05 are indicated in bold