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Table 2 Types of bacteria isolated from cultures of ascitic fluid in patients with cirrhosis

From: Clinical and bacteriological features and prognosis of ascitic fluid infection in Chinese patients with cirrhosis

Isolates

no.(%) of isolates

Total (n = 656)

BA (n = 208)

SBP (n = 448)

P

Gram-negative organisms

    

Total

447 (68.1%)

116 (55.8%)

331 (73.9%)

< 0.001

Escherichia coli

267 (40.7%)

71 (34.1%)

196 (43.8%)

0.020

Klebsiella spp.

87 (13.3%)

20 (9.6%)

67 (15.0%)

0.061

Enterobacter spp.

20 (3.0%)

5 (2.4%)

15 (3.3%)

0.513

Acinetobacter spp.

18 (2.7%)

5 (2.4%)

13 (2.9%)

0.716

Aeromonas spp.

9 (1.4%)

2 (1.0%)

7 (1.6%)

0.726

Citrobacter spp.

8 (1.2%)

3 (1.4%)

5 (1.1%)

0.713

Serratia spp.

7 (1.1%)

2 (1.0%)

5 (1.1%)

1.000

Burkholderia spp.

5 (0.8%)

3 (1.4%)

2 (0.4%)

0.333

Pseudomonas spp.

8 (1.2%)

1 (0.5%)

7 (1.6%)

0.446

Other

18 (4.0%)

4 (1.9%)

14 (3.1%)

Gram-positive organisms

    

Total

209 (31.9%)

92 (44.2%)

117 (26.1%)

< 0.001

Streptococcus spp.

110 (16.8%)

47 (22.6%)

63 (14.1%)

0.006

Enterococcus spp.

66 (10.1%)

29 (13.9%)

37 (8.3%)

0.024

Coagulase-positive staphylococci

25 (3.8%)

11 (5.3%)

14 (3.1%)

0.178

Kocuria spp.

3 (0.5%)

1 (0.5%)

2 (0.4%)

1.000

Other

5 (0.8%)

4 (1.9%)

1 (0.2%)

  1. P:compared between isolates collected from BA and SBP. P-values < 0.05 are indicated in bold