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Table 2 Patient and facility characteristics in relation to retention in carea

From: Assessing linkage to and retention in care among HIV patients in Uganda and identifying opportunities for health systems strengthening: a descriptive study

Characteristic N N (%) retained in care Univariate OR (95% CI) p-value Multivariate OR (95% CI) p-value
Sex
 Female 408 69.4% 0.75 (0.58-0.97) 0.03 0.76 (0.60-0.97) 0.03
 Male 270 75.2% Ref   Ref  
Age group
  < 10 years 30 73.3% 1.08 (0.41-2.84) 0.87 1.12 (0.41-3.03) 0.83
 10-18 years 20 50.0% 0.39 (0.16-0.99) 0.05 0.43 (0.17-1.06) 0.07
 19-48 years 541 71.7% Ref   Ref  
 49+ years 64 79.7% 1.55 (0.79-3.04) 0.21 1.46 (0.75-2.85) 0.26
 Missing 23 65.2% 0.74 (0.47-1.16) 0.19 0.83 (0.46-1.49) 0.53
Facility location
 Rural/remote (n = 14) 389 67.6% 0.62 (0.41-0.93) 0.02 0.62 (0.39-0.98) 0.04
 Semi−/peri-urban (n = 6) 289 77.2% Ref   Ref  
Facility size of expert client staff pool
 1 or fewer (n = 3) 25 64.0% 0.62 (0.41-0.94) 0.03 0.82 (0.52-1.28) 0.37
 2-4 (n = 9) 328 69.8% 0.81 (0.49-1.33) 0.40 0.86 (0.56-1.33) 0.50
 5+ (n = 8) 325 74.2% Ref   Ref  
Facility level
 III (n = 9) 189 70.9% 0.95 (0.63-1.42) 0.80  
 IV (n = 11) 489 72.0% Ref   
Days ART offered per week
 1 (n = 9) 185 67.6% 0.72 (0.48-1.08) 0.11  
 2-3 (n = 8) 380 72.9% 0.93 (0.54-1.60) 0.79  
 4-5 (n = 3) 113 74.3% Ref   
  1. aRetention in care measured at 6 months among 678 patients newly initiated on ART at 20 facilities in Uganda. Logistic regression models used cluster-robust standard errors to account for clustering by health facility. Variables that were statistically significant in univariate models were included in the multivariable models